Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA)

Los Angeles County Museum of Art, LA California USA, 1 October 2016

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The previous post was at the Pavilion for Japanese Art at LACMA; this is from our viewing of the rest of the Art Museum.  (Click images for larger size).

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Art, Cabinets, History, LACMA, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Painting, Photography, Sculpture, Travel

Royal Peacock Barge, West Bengal, India, late 19th century.

Miniature ivory depiction of pleasure boat of the Nawab of Bengal.

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Art, Cabinets, History, LACMA, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Painting, Photography, Sculpture, Travel

This is a very modern installation, dated to just before the time we were visiting.  It is perhaps somewhere between pop art, dada and surrealism.  The artist is not credited.

The assemblage is somewhat anachronistic amongst historical exhibits but does include some references to 19th century Indian works.  It is perhaps intended to depict the sense of wonder at the extent to which modern art styles can sometimes diverge from the traditional.

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Panel, Gururat, India, early 18th century.

Wood applique with bone; brass roundels.

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Altar cabinet, Kham region, eastern Tibet, 19th – 20th century.

Wood with mineral pigments and gilding; brass fittings.

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Hindu God Vishnu, Angkor, Cambodia. c. 950AD (sandstone).

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Folio from a Buddhist manuscript illustrated with Buddha’s birth stories (Thailand c. 1860-80), atop Sutra Box (Thailand 1920-40, wood laquer and gold leaf).

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Buddha Shakyamuni, Sukothai, Thailand, 14th-15th century (copper alloy).

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Maharishi (Great Sage) Agastya, Lakhi Sarai, Bihar, India, 12th century (chloritoid phyllite).

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Dancer’s headpiece in the form of Hindu Godess Kali, Kerala, India, late 15th century (wood with paint).

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The Goddess Sarasvati, Gujurat, India, 1153 by Jagadeva.

Sarasvati, goddess of wisdom and knowledge, embodies the mediæval Indian concept of feminine beauty.  Jagadeva was commisioned to create this sculpture to replace an earlier sculpture of Sarasvati that was dedicated in a Jain temple in 1069 but damaged in 1152.

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The Hindu Goddess Kali, Kerala, India, 17th century (wood with traces of paint).

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Athena, 2nd century Roman copy of Greek original from the late 5th century BC School of Pheidas.

Athena is the Greek goddess of wisdom and of war waged for just causes.  She wears a breastplate decorated with the heads of gorgons, the monsters whose piercing gaze turned people who met their eyes to stone.  The hollow eye sockets indicate that eyes were originally inlaid and of course, as with all ancient Greek and Roman sculptures, she would originally have been painted in bright colours.  The statue was excavated at Ostia, the port of Rome, in 1797.

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Portrait of Cosimo I de’ Medici (1519-1574), c. 1572 by Giovanni Bandini (also called Giovanni dell’Opera) (marble).

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Madonna and child in a landscape c. 1496-1499 by Cima de Conegliano (Oil on panel).

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Saint Crispin (France, c. 1500 (limestone with traces of polychromy).

Saint Crispan is the patron saint of shoe makers.  He and his brother Saint Crispian were tortured for their Christian beliefs and beheaded in 285AD.

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The Swineherd, 1888, by Paul Gauguin (oi; on canvas).

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La Place du Théâtre Français, 1898, by Camille Pissaro (oil on canvas).

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Le Havre, bâteaux de peche sortant du port (fishing boats leaving the port), 1874, Claude Monet.

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Cabinet, c. 1650-75, from Grand Ducal Workshops (Galleria dei Lavori), (ebony, marble, jasper, lapis lazuli and various hard stones, and bronze with gilding).

The birds and flowers that appear to be painted are actually hundreds of pieces of richly hued pietre dure or hard stones, so the designs are laboriously painted in stone.

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Eagle-headed demon ritually expelling sickness and evil spirits from the house, possible purifying anyone entering the King’s living room.

This and following reliefs once adorned the interior walls of the palace of the Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal II (reigned 883-859 BC).  They are from ancient Kalhu (now called Nimrud).  He was the first Assyrian king to use stone panels on the interior wall of his palace which was built in mud brick on a stone foundation.  The reliefs were originally painted in black, white, red and blue.

In 879 BC Ashurnasirpal held a large festival to celebrate the construction of his new capital which remained the centre of the Assyrian Empire for 150 years.  It was surrounded by a massive city wall forty-two feet high (thirteen metres) and five miles long (eight kilometres).  At that time it bordered on the Tigris River.

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A winged human-headed genie wearing a double bull horn mitre that may be a supernatural projection of the king.

He holds a conical fruit that he has presumably dipped in the bucket of pollen held in preparation for fertilisation of the Tree of Life, an important symbol in Assyrian religious belief.

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The king holds a libation bowl and a bow, and he is accompanied by a human-headed genie carrying a bucket.  Both are engaged in ritual ceremony.

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Fragment of a painted Assyrian relief, Neo-Assyrian dynasty, Northern Iraq, 7th century BC (limestone).

It probably depicts King Sargon (reigned 722-705 BC) and still shows traces of the colourful paint that once adorned all Assyrian reliefs.

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Head of a Royal Guard from Persepolis, Achæmenid period, Southern Iran, 5th century BC (limestone).

This fragment once belonged to the inner decorated panel of the eastern staircase of the Apadana, the sumptuous audience hall of the Achæmenid kings at Persepolis.

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20th century sculpture but I missed the label.  Giacometti maybe?

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Netsuke Gallery, LACMA

Netsuke Gallery, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, LA California USA, 1 October 2016

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Close by La Brea Tar Pits, we next visited the Pavillion for Japanese Art at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (ACMNA).

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Haniwa Horse from 6th century.

Haniwa are terracotta clay figures buried with the dead as funerary objects.  They are from the Kofun period of 3rd to 6th century AD, when horses were first domesticated in Japan and this would have been from the grave of an important person, probably in Southern Honshu.

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Chest of drawers from the 18th century.  Lacquer over wood with gold and silver flakes.

It is decorated with several views around Lake Biwa and was made for the lord of Hikone Castle.

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Jar from Kamakura period, c. 1200-1400AD.

Tokoname ware; coil-built stoneware with ash glaze.

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Female Shinto deity, 14th century.

Due to a close association of Shinto with the Imperial Court, such figures were shown in court robes as real people and were kept in close shrines, not viewable by devotees.

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Sake bottles, 17th to 19th centuries.

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Contemporary vessel by Shimizu Ichiji, 2012.

Stoneware with sprayed slip decoration.

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(No description.  I didn’t photograph the label).

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Daruma by Torei Enji, hanging scroll, ink on silk, 18th century.

Daruma was the semi-legendary Zen Master who brought Zen from China to Japan in the early 6th century.  Torei Enji was himself an eminent Zen Master who wrote a description of Zen practice, still read today, entitled “The undying Lamp of Zen”.

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Kanzan and Jittoku by Shunso Shoju, ink on paper, late 18th or early 19th century.

Kanzan and Jittoku were enlightened people who lived on Cold Mountain (Hanshan) in China in about the 9th century and they are symbolically represented in this drawing.  Here is a poem by Kanzan (or Hanshan to the Chinese):

Men ask the way through the clouds,

The cloud’s way dark, without a sign.

High summits are of naked rock.

In deep valleys sun never shines.

Behind you green peaks, and in front,

To east the white clouds, and to west –

Want to know where the cloud way lies?

It’s there, in the centre of the Void!

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(No description.  I didn’t photograph the label).

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This is the first of the netsuke.  Three others follow.  They are unique to Japan and because kimono had no pockets.  Instead, the Japanese used inro or segmented hanging boxes.  They were on a cord which went through the netsuke and attached to the obi or kimono sash.  The netsuke prevented the inro and cord slipping out from beneath the obi.

They needed to be light and small yet strong and support a hole through them so they are masterpieces of miniature design.

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Art, History, Japan, LACMA, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Netsuke, Photography, Travel .

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Art, History, Japan, LACMA, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Netsuke, Photography, Travel

European archer, 18th century.

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La Brea Tar Pits

Los Angeles, California USA, 29 September 2016

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Archaeology, History, La Brea Tar Pits, Los Angeles, Photography, Travel

I had long been interested in visiting the La Brea Tar Pits.  It’s a place where oil oozes to the surface and forms asphalt.  This in turn becomes covered with water and leaves.  Animals wander in and become trapped and then predators come and they are trapped too.  This has been happening for up to 38,000 years and still happens to some extent today although the areas are now fenced off.  The bodies of the trapped animals are preserved in the asphalt.

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Archaeology, History, La Brea Tar Pits, Los Angeles, Photography, Travel

This is Harlan’s Ground Sloth ((Glossotherium Harlani).  It was a little under two metres tall and 700 kilos in weight.  The largest giant sloth was six metres long (including the tail) and weighed four tonnes.

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Antique Bison (Bison Antiquus).  It had a larger body, larger hump and larger horns than the surviving species.

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Archaeology, History, La Brea Tar Pits, Los Angeles, Photography, Travel

On the left and centre, American Mastadon (Mammut Americanus).  They had shorter legs, a longer body and tusks up to five metres long, as compared to modern elephants (not close relatives).  On the right is an extinct camel, Camelus Hesternus, a bit larger than modern camels and probably with one hump.  Camels evolved in the Americas and this species was likely exterminated by the arrival of humans.

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Archaeology, History, La Brea Tar Pits, Los Angeles, Photography, Travel

Colombian Mammoth (Mammathus Columbi), up to four metres tall and ten tonnes in weight.  Tusks could be up to five metres long.  It is not clear to what extent climate change or human hunting was responsible for their extinction.

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Archaeology, History, La Brea Tar Pits, Los Angeles, Photography, Travel .

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Archaeology, History, La Brea Tar Pits, Los Angeles, Photography, Travel

Large Game of Thrones puppy, or alternatively, Dire Wolf (Canis Dirus).  It was probably a little larger than the largest wolves today but had stronger jaws and bite.

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Archaeology, History, La Brea Tar Pits, Los Angeles, Photography, Travel

Big Pussycat or Naegele’s Giant Jaguar (Panthera Atrox), also known as the American Lion.  It was larger than both a Siberian tiger and a Sabre-Toothed Cat.  There is some doubt as to whether it was closer to today’s lions or jaguars.  Jaguars, though, have one of the strongest bites of all animals behind only some crocodiles and hippos, stronger than tigers, so if it was more like a jaguar it wold have had a fearsome bite.

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Archaeology, History, La Brea Tar Pits, Los Angeles, Photography, Travel

Sabre-toothed Cat (Smilodon Fatalis), about the same size as a African lion but much more heavily built.  It was an ambush predator and died out due to climate change.

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Archaeology, History, La Brea Tar Pits, Los Angeles, Photography, Travel

An exposed section of tar pit.

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Jamaica Monochromes

26 to 30 September 2016, Jamaica.

Links go to colour posts (for more information and context). If an image does not have a link, the preceding one applies.

Click on any image to see it larger.

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Jamaica, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Arriving at Treasure Beach.

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Jamaica, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Appleton Rum Refinery.

Treasure Beach.

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Early rum still.

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Treasure Beach.

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Jamaica, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Sunrise at Treasure Beach.

Black River.

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From Treasure Beach to Black River.

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Floyd’s Pelican Bar.

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Undermined house at mouth of Black River.  Notice the front stairs as well as the angle of the house.

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Passing boat.

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Passing canoe.

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Black River.

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Crocodile.

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Captain Ted, our skipper.

Floyd’s Pelican Bar

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Floyd’s Pelican Bar.

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Continuing on…

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Treasure Beach.

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South West Coast.

Treasure Beach to Montego Bay

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Roadside refreshments and shells.

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Yellow-faced Grasquit, female or immature male.

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Jamaican Mango.

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Bananaquit.

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The red-billed streamertail (Trochilus polytmus), also known as the doctor bird, scissor-tail or scissors tail hummingbird, the national bird of Jamaica.

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Plymouth (Montserrat) Monochromes

22 to 25 September 2016, Montserrat

Plymouth has been described as “the Vesuvius of the Caribbean”. See this post . for a detailed account of the eruptions and the history of Montserrat.

Links go to colour posts (for more information and context). If an image does not have a link, the preceding one applies.

Click on any image to see it larger.

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

Plymouth (Montserrat).

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

Montserrat Springs Hotel.

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Montserrat Monochromes 1

22 to 25 September 2016, Montserrat

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Click on any image to see it larger.

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Redonda.

Antigua to Montserrat.

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Montserrat.

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East coast of Montserrat and volcano.

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Brades Fire Station.

Montserrat – North and East Coast – and History.

(Note the comprehensive account of the dramatic history of Montserrat in this post).

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

Lookout Yard Sugar Mill

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Lookout Yard Sugar Mill.

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Post-eruption housing.

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Trant’s.

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New lava coastline at trant’s.

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Buried sugar mill, Trants.

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Buried buildings, Trants.

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Main road, north of Plymouth.

Montserrat Springs Hotel.

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Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Monochrome, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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St Anthony’s Church.

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Air Studios.

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Back on the main road.

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Soufrière Hills Volcano.

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Waterworks Estate.

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Sunset.

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Milky way at night (click to see more).

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Bunkum Bay Beach.

Treasure Beach to Montego Bay.

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Antigua Monochromes

18-22 September 2016, Antigua

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Links go to posts with the colour versions of the images (where there may also be more information and context). If an image does not have a link, the preceding one applies. (Click on any image to see it larger).

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife

English Harbour.

Antigua – Morning at English Harbour

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife

Turk’s Head or Barrel Cactus.

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife .

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife

Fish at dockside.

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife

Maybe a tuna.

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife

Fort Berkeley

Antigua – Fort Berkeley and Shirley Heights.

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife .

Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife .

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife

Galleon Beach from Fort Berkeley.

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife .

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife

Dow’s Hill.

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife

View from Shirley Heights.

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife

English Harbour.

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife

Royal Military Guard House at Shirley Heights.

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife

Hummingbird and cacti.

Antigua – Half Moon Bay and Devil’s Bridge.

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife

Half Moon Bay.

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife

Devil’s Bridge National Park.

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife .

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife

St Peter’s Anglican Church at Parham.

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife

English Harbour.

Antigua – West Coast.

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife

Inland, perhaps Swetes.

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife .

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife .

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife

Carlisle Bay Beach.

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife

Morris Bay.

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife .

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife

South west coast.

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Antigua, Architecture, Black and White, History, Landscape, Macro, Monochrome, Nature, Photography, seascape, Street photography, Travel, Wildlife

Martello Tower, Fort Barrington National Park.

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Air Studios Montserrat

Montserrat, 23 September 2016

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Air Studios, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

On the main road, out of the exclusion zone, just north of Plymouth.

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Air Studios, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Air Studios, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

This is the tower of St Anthony’s Church.  Had I known about it at the time, I would have asked to visit.  It has been rebuilt no less than six times on the same site.  It was first built in 1635 when the colony was only a few years old by the first Governor, Anthony Brisket.  In 1666 it was burnt down by French and Caribs; on Christmas Day 1672 it was levelled by an earthquake; in 1712 it was destroyed by the French after they had used it as a barracks; in 1899 and 1928 it was destroyed by hurricanes; in 1989 it was damaged by a hurricane and in 1995 it was damaged by the volcano.

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Air Studios, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

Nearby, this is what is left of Air Studios, an international recording studio founded by George Martin, the Beatles manager.

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Air Studios, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

In the 70s and 80s, many artists recorded there including Eric Clapton, Rolling Stones, Lou Reed, Paul McCartney, Police, Dire Straits, Climax Blues Band and Jimmy Buffett.  Here is a link to a video of the Stones recording there.

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Air Studios, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

What closed the studio though was not the eruptions, it was Hurricane Hugo in 1989, which destroyed villages, killed ten people, and had sustained winds of 220km/hr and gusts up to 385km/hr.

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Air Studios, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

The interior was stripped in 2012 in preparation for a renovation but George Martin died and the renovation never happened.

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Air Studios, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Air Studios, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

Back on the main road…

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Air Studios, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Air Studios, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

The weather is clear and the volcano simmers away.

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Air Studios, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

This is Waterworks Estate, where we had dinner.

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Air Studios, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

And later, a sunset over the sea from our balcony.

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Air Studios, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Air Studios, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Air Studios, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Air Studios, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

The Milky Way over Montserrat.

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Montserrat Springs Hotel

Montserrat, 23 September 2016

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Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

This is the entrance to Montserrat Springs Hotel, available to visit because it’s just outside of the exclusion zone.

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Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

It was once an exclusive hotel with guests such as the Rolling Stones, and featured its own thermal springs.

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Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

There was no-one at the reception desk when we visited so we couldn’t book a room.

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Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

The decor may have faded a little.

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Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

An accounts book is open at June 1995.

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Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

The floor was renovated some years ago with the addition of a layer of volcanic mud.

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Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

I think this was the dining room.

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Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

… leading outside towards the pool.

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Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

Diving is not recommended here any more because the mud is not as forgiving as water.

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Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

But the salubrious fittings remain.

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Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

From outside the hotel, some views of the ruined parts of Plymouth that were not entirely buried in the lahars and pyroclastic flows.

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Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano .

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Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

An old sugar factory. it would seem.

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Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

It looks inviting but is too far inside the exclusion zone to be available to visit.

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Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, Street photography, Travel, Volcano

The previous post covered the city of Plymouth, abandoned due to the volcanic eruption and the one before detailed the remarkable history of Montserrat.  There was an even more dramatic eruption in 1903 on an island not that far away.  Mount Pelée in Martinique erupted in that year, not far from the main town of Saint-Pierre.  They knew an eruption was taking place but expected lava, to be blocked by a valley, and they didn’t know about strato volcanoes and pyroclastic flows.  Only one person survived, protected by the thick walls of the town prison.  More detail on that in a post in a different blog here.

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Plymouth (Montserrat)

Montserrat, 23 September 2016

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

We are about to enter into the high risk volcanic zone.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

You can only get in there when all is quiet and no volcanic activity is detected.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

All these images are from the abandoned capital of Plymouth.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

You have to go in with a trained operator.  The car must be parked facing the way out and the engine kept running at all times.  Pyroclastic flows can be lightning fast.  Entry has only been allowed since 2015 and permission will be withdrawn if there is more activity.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

Looking south from the old wharf.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

Government House, the residence of the Governor.

.Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

This is how it appeared in 1915.

(By National Archives, UK – Public Domain).

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

This is the Molyneaux Building, built in 1989 as the corporate office for Cable and Wireless and the Government’s Audit Department.  It was the only building built entirely of concrete and was the town’s tallest building at four stories high.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

Much of the centre of Plymouth is actually completely buried beneath the ash and debris and there have been several layers through different eruptions.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

This is the Flora Fountain Hotel, built in 1984 and named for the fountain in the middle of the circular wing you can see in the distance.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

Plymouth was evacuated in 1995, then abandoned and destroyed in 1997.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

No-one died in Plymouth itself but 19 people died further inland at Streatham Village in a pyroclastic flow in 1997, though the village was officially evacuated.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

On the left, the circular wing of the Flora Fountain hotel, the top floors.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

Top floor of the Police Station.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

This is the building behind the Flora Fountain Hotel.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

Government Building.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

After the 1997 eruption, about 7,000 people, two-thirds of the population, left Montserrat and  4,000 went to the UK.  The current population is around 5,000.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

An abandoned office.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

Many of the buildings on the hill in the background were not completely destroyed by the eruption but the whole area will be uninhabitable for many years.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

In early 1998, there was a bank robbery in the vaults of an abandoned bank in Plymouth.  The robbers made six or seven visits to the bank and got away with $US300,000.  Eight people were arrested a few months later and most convicted.  The banks at least initially would not recognise stolen notes with listed ID numbers that had become in circulation.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

Buildings above the inundation zone, still inaccessible.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

Some areas saw more than twelve metres of mud and debris.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

We visited an abandoned sugar windmill tower in Richmond Hill, just outside the exclusion zone.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

We were able to climb up and see the view.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

Just because buildings are just outside the exclusion zone does not mean they can be reoccupied.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano .

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano .

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

On the far left with the brown rooves is the Montserrat Springs Hotel, that we shall visit in the next post.

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Archaeology, Architecture, Eruption, History, Landscape, Montserrat, Nature, Photography, Plymouth, seascape, Travel, Volcano

These were once upmarket dwellings.

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(See previous post for details of the fascinating history of Montserrat).

(Trivia note:  Just passed 1,000 posts a few posts ago).