Sepilok Day 1 – Giant Flying Squirrels

Sepilok, Sabah, 8 May 2019.

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Birds, Butterfly, Giant red flying squirrel, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Scarlet-backed flowerpecker, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife
Palm oil plantations surrounding Sepilok.

Most people probably think of Borneo as a wild land covered in rainforest and populated with exotic tribes and remarkable wildlife.  And so it was as recently as fifty years ago, when ninety percent of it was covered in rainforest, the vast majority of that lowland rainforest.

Since then, all of Borneo has been intensively logged and now only 6% is intact virgin lowland rainforest.  Sarawak Governor over several decades Taib Mahmud accreted many hundreds of millions of dollars in kickbacks from logging companies and the exploitation of the rainforest was even more intensive in Indonesian Kalimantan.  Much has been lost in Sabah  but a higher proportion remains there.  Certainly in Sarawak and Kalimantan, logging was accompanied by ruthless exploitation of native peoples who depended on the forest for their livelihood and whose land it really was.    And this continues today.

Removal of the prime timber trees carried a large ecological cost but much of the wildlife could still survive in secondary forest..  The next stage was the oil palm plantations, which in many places seem to stretch to the horizon.  Some species, such as hornbills, macaques and bearded pigs, can exploit these plantations whereas for others such as the near-extinct Bornean rhinos, they are as deserts.

It’s true that most countries in the West have devastated their ecology over a longer period and there are significant preserved areas in Sabah and Sarawak (not so much Kalimantan) but there are insufficient contiguous areas of protected rainforest to allow many species to flourish or even survive.  It is particularly sad how rapid the destruction has been and how ruthless it has often been.  Brunei has the most intact rainforest because their oil revenues mean they don’t bother with logging, but Brunei is small.  Many native populations have also been displaced from their traditional lands and lifestyles without effective compensation, often with little alternative lifestyle choices and commonly without their permission (I refer mainly to Sarawak and Kalimantan, Sabah may be similar but I don’t know).

While there is a place for palm oil plantations to generate income in poor countries, the systematic destruction of the rainforest has been and remains a crime.  Perhaps tourism will assist in funding rainforest preservation though that can be a double-edged sword as well.

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Birds, Butterfly, Giant red flying squirrel, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Scarlet-backed flowerpecker, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife
Brown shrike.

We had arrived mid-afternoon and later headed off along a road near the lodge before dinner looking for birdlife,  I saw a tree in flower off a sideroad so I headed for that (image above).

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Birds, Butterfly, Giant red flying squirrel, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Scarlet-backed flowerpecker, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife
Scarlet-backed flowerpecker (and next two images).

This bird was in a nearby tree.

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Birds, Butterfly, Giant red flying squirrel, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Scarlet-backed flowerpecker, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife
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Birds, Butterfly, Giant red flying squirrel, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Scarlet-backed flowerpecker, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife
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Birds, Butterfly, Giant red flying squirrel, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Scarlet-backed flowerpecker, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife
Baya Weaver.

Further down the road we found these three Baya Weaver nests, with the odd bird flying in and out.

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Birds, Butterfly, Giant red flying squirrel, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Scarlet-backed flowerpecker, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife
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Birds, Butterfly, Giant red flying squirrel, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Scarlet-backed flowerpecker, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife
Giant red flying squirrel (and next three images).

After dinner, we headed for the Rainforest Discovery Centre and the Canopy Walkway in the gathering gloom.  We were hoping to see a giant flying squirrel in flight and were very luck to see multiple flights.

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Birds, Butterfly, Giant red flying squirrel, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Scarlet-backed flowerpecker, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Here’s one about to launch.

Taking the images with a very long lens in the near dark was a challenging task.  This is at 22,000 ISO for example.

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Birds, Butterfly, Giant red flying squirrel, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Scarlet-backed flowerpecker, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife
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Birds, Butterfly, Giant red flying squirrel, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Scarlet-backed flowerpecker, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife
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Birds, Butterfly, Giant red flying squirrel, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Scarlet-backed flowerpecker, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife
Rufous-backed kingfisher.

Following on from the Canopy Walkway, we went for a walk in the rainforest after dark and these images are by torchlight.

 

Birds, Butterfly, Giant red flying squirrel, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Scarlet-backed flowerpecker, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife
White-lipped frog.

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Birds, Butterfly, Giant red flying squirrel, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Scarlet-backed flowerpecker, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife
Millipede.

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Birds, Butterfly, Giant red flying squirrel, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Scarlet-backed flowerpecker, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife
Juvenile keeled pit viper.

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Poring Hot Springs and Sabah Tea Plantation

Poring Hot Springs and Sabah Tea Plantation, Sabah, 6-7 May 2019.

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Butterfly, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Poring Hot Springs, Sabah, Sabah Tea Plantation, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Markets on the way between Mt Kinabalu Lodge and Poring Hot Springs.  Mt Kinabalu in the background.

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Butterfly, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Poring Hot Springs, Sabah, Sabah Tea Plantation, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Heliconia Rostrata (native to Central and South America), Poring Springs.

We are now at Poring Hot Springs though we didn’t try the hot springs.  I don’t think they would have been as compelling as an onsen in Japan in winter.  What we did ckeck out was the butterfly farm there.

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Butterfly, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Poring Hot Springs, Sabah, Sabah Tea Plantation, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Rajah Brooke’s Birdwing Butterfly.

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Butterfly, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Poring Hot Springs, Sabah, Sabah Tea Plantation, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Common Tree Nymphs.

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Butterfly, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Poring Hot Springs, Sabah, Sabah Tea Plantation, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Unidentified butterfly.

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Butterfly, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Poring Hot Springs, Sabah, Sabah Tea Plantation, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Roadside shop outside the hot springs.

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Butterfly, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Poring Hot Springs, Sabah, Sabah Tea Plantation, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Rafflesia in flower.

This is Rafflesia Arnoldii in flower, the largest rafflesia and also the world’s largest flower.  From memory I think this one was 78cm in diameter (31 inches).  They can reach over 100cm and weigh 10 kilograms (22lb).  This flowering happens very infrequently.  It takes nine months for a bud to get to florescence, and then the flower lasts only two or three days.  The flower has five petals, so there is actually two of them here.  Rafflesiae are also know as corpse flowers on account of their smell.  Swedish entomologist Eric Georg Mjöberg described the smell in 1928 as “a penetrating odour more repulsive than any buffalo carcass in an advanced stage of decomposition”.  I cannot personally attest to that as I have very little sense of smell.

 

Butterfly, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Poring Hot Springs, Sabah, Sabah Tea Plantation, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Sunset at Sabah tea Plantation (and following four images).

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Butterfly, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Poring Hot Springs, Sabah, Sabah Tea Plantation, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

These images are taken from just outside the cottages we were staying in for the night at Sabah Tea Plantation..

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Butterfly, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Poring Hot Springs, Sabah, Sabah Tea Plantation, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

I took a full range of lenses with me, expecting to be taking landscape shots as well as wildlife.  This proved to not be the case.  I didn’t find much cause for wide angel lenses in the rainforest, so apart from some street photography in Kote Kinabalu with me Fuji X100s, pretty well all my images were macro telephoto or long telephoto.  Even these images, which are landscapes, were long telephoto.

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Butterfly, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Poring Hot Springs, Sabah, Sabah Tea Plantation, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife .

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Butterfly, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Poring Hot Springs, Sabah, Sabah Tea Plantation, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife .

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Butterfly, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Poring Hot Springs, Sabah, Sabah Tea Plantation, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Malaysian Forest Scorpion.

On the road near the restaurant after dinner, we encountered this large scorpion which demonstrated its ability to fluoresce under ultraviolet light.

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Butterfly, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Poring Hot Springs, Sabah, Sabah Tea Plantation, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Siti photographing Teetash, Mt Kinabalu in the background.

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Butterfly, Insects, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Poring Hot Springs, Sabah, Sabah Tea Plantation, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Rhinocerous beetle (Chalcosoma moellenkampi) on clothing.

This is a male because only the males have horns.  They use them for fighting during the mating season and digging.  They are also known for being incredibly strong for their size.

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Mount Kinabalu

Mount Kinabalu, Sabah, 4th to 6th May 2019.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Clouded leopard.

On the morning of the 4th, we were still in Kota Kinabalu and we visited the KK Museum before leaving for Mount Kinabalu, just a few hours drive.  I photographed the clouded leopard on display because it was not very likely we would actually see one.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Chinese cemetery, KK.

On our way, I took this photograph of a Chinese cemetery from the moving bus.  I had earlier missed photographing another, larger one as we passed it due to not being sufficiently alert.  I was told they are on the tops of hills and I think facing North.  The next two images are also taken from the moving bus.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Village in forest.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Forest in mist and cloud.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Unidentified moth.

I think we were still en route, though in the hills, and this was somewhere we stopped, probably for lunch.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Leaf litter.

This is the first image from Mount Kinabalu, which is also the location of all following images in this post.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Unidentified orchid.

In the late afternoon, we went for a walk along a road near where we were staying, albeit in the rainforest.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Roadside ferns on dead log.

This is a focus-stacked image.  In other words, it combines many exposures at different pints of focus to get greater depth of focus than would otherwise be possible.  Admittedly, I was a bit careless with the exposure and there is more noise than there should be (though not visible at small image size).

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Unidentified mushrooms.

Another focus-stacked image, taken using a camera that largely automates the process of taking the exposures.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Rainforest foliage.

(Two images combined for depth of focus for this one).

Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Female Papilio memnon, Common name: Mormon.

We are now back at the Lodge, probably in or near the dining area.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Kuhl’s Creek Frog, maybe

Early next morning, we are on another walk before dawn.  These exposures are by torchlight.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Unidentified frog.

In some cases there was very little light.  This was 180mm, 1/400sec, f6.3 @25,600 ISO and is a 70% crop.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Spider’s web.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Funghi on log.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Mt Kinabalu.

(Now later in the morning).  Mount Kinabalu lies within a World Heritage Site, Kinabalu Park.  It is the highest mountain in Sabah at 4,095 metres.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Juvenile female leaf insect (Phylliidae).

Remarkable camouflage from this leaf insect.  A 47 million year fossil indicates they have changed little over time.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Orchid.

In the afternoon we visited the local Botanical Gardens and I took some focus-stacked images of orchids.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Orchid.

“A recent botanical survey of the mountain estimated a staggering 5,000 to 6,000 plant species (excluding mosses and liverworts but including ferns), which is more than all of Europe and North America (excluding tropical regions of Mexico) combined.”.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Longicorn beetle: Family Cerambycidae, possibly Dihammus species.

In the evening we went for another night walk.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Unidentified Gecko.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Stick Insect – Phasmid.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Unidentified caterpillar.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Kinabalu Torrent Frog?

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Unidentified Bird.

These last two images are near the Lodge, on the morning of the 6th.

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Birds, Butterfly, Funghi, Gecko, Insects, Landscape, Moth, Mount Kinabalu, Nature, Orchids, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Indigo Flycatcher.

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Egrets – I’ve had a few…

Kota Kinabalu Wetland Ramsar Site. Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, 2 May 2019.

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In the late afternoon, we visited the Kota Kinabalu Wetland Ramsar Site, within the city.  I had requested this and I thought we might see a different kind of wildlife from in the rainforests and it would be a good test of my equipment and technique.

Photographic technobabble alert:

I’ve mainly been shooting Fuji in the last couple of years but I decided to take Nikon this time. I decided to get a D850 to go with my 300 f2.8 and I discovered my 1.4x teleconverter had died but managed to get it replaced just before I left thanks to prompt action by Nikon Australia.  Buying a Fuji 200mm f2 and two X-T3s as an alternative was too expensive at the time, and the Nikon option offered better autofocus and greater room to crop if necessary.  I could have taken my Fuji 100-400m but that is weaker at the long end and loses about a stop in light sensitivity, critical in the often dark rainforest.

It was low tide when we reached the wetlands, connected to the sea by a tidal estuary.

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Egrets, Kota Kinabalu, Kota Kinabalu Wetland Ramsar Site, Mangroves, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Crab on the mudflats.

The first image is an illustration of the hazards of low light shooting.  It is at 1/200sec, f4 @ 18,000 ISO, and is an 84% crop!  So it was dark and the crab was some distance away.  The exposure was hand held (though leaning on the hand rail) because there was no point getting out the tripod on a raised wooden walkway with people on it.  It’s not suitable for printing at any size but the wonder is that there is anything there to see at all.

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Egrets, Kota Kinabalu, Kota Kinabalu Wetland Ramsar Site, Mangroves, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Mud crab with eyes on stalks.  It must hide beneath the water and mud with only eyes above, waiting for prey.

This one’s not so extreme at 1/200sec, f4 @ 2,800 ISO, but it is also an 84% crop .

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Egrets, Kota Kinabalu, Kota Kinabalu Wetland Ramsar Site, Mangroves, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Dragonfly on a dead tree, some distance away.

This one is a more respectable exposure, being 1/100sec f4.5 @280 ISO and not cropped much at all.

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Egrets, Kota Kinabalu, Kota Kinabalu Wetland Ramsar Site, Mangroves, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Eastern Great Egret.

I discovered that the calibration for my 300mm lens plus 1.4 teleconverter was significantly out so I did a makeshift calibration focusing on the details of a patch of mud.  Having done that, this image is now sharp.  It is on a tripod from inside a large hide.  It would have been better without the tree or pole but there were too many people for me to be able to move around.

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Egrets, Kota Kinabalu, Kota Kinabalu Wetland Ramsar Site, Mangroves, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

There were I think four or five egrets there.

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Egrets, Kota Kinabalu, Kota Kinabalu Wetland Ramsar Site, Mangroves, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

After a while they all flew off.

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Egrets, Kota Kinabalu, Kota Kinabalu Wetland Ramsar Site, Mangroves, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Walking back now, it is a mangrove zone.

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Egrets, Kota Kinabalu, Kota Kinabalu Wetland Ramsar Site, Mangroves, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

… with lots of visible roots.

(This was taken with a Fuji X100s, so a wide angle.  All other images were with Nikon D850 + 300mm f2.8 + 1.4xTC, so a long telephoto).

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Egrets, Kota Kinabalu, Kota Kinabalu Wetland Ramsar Site, Mangroves, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

… and finally, a flower near the Visitors’ Centre..

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KK Fishing Boats (Kota Kinabalu)

Kota Kinabalu, South China Sea, 2 May 2019.

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After the markets we had some free time and many of the others may have wandered back to the hotel but I wanted to wander along the wharves to check out the fishing boats. I had seen some great looking fishing boats coming and going from the port the previous evening and the light was great then, but I only had my Fuji X100s, which has a wide angle lens, and I needed a telephoto. So I thought I would see what I would find on this day.

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fishing boats, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Street photography, Travel

There were quite a few fishing boats lined up at the docks.

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fishing boats, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Street photography, Travel

This is the rear of one at the front, with nets rolled up on spools for deployment and retrieval.

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fishing boats, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Street photography, Travel .

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fishing boats, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Street photography, Travel .

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fishing boats, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Street photography, Travel

One is arriving at the dock.

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fishing boats, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Street photography, Travel

Another is preparing to leave.

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fishing boats, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Street photography, Travel .

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fishing boats, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Street photography, Travel

Suddenly the light changed – or maybe that’s just the infrared sensor.

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fishing boats, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Street photography, Travel

First wildlife sighting, of an egret on the prow of a boat.

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fishing boats, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Street photography, Travel .

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fishing boats, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Street photography, Travel .

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fishing boats, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Street photography, Travel .

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fishing boats, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Street photography, Travel .

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fishing boats, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Street photography, Travel

Another one returning …..

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fishing boats, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Street photography, Travel .

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fishing boats, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Street photography, Travel .

KK Markets (Kota Kinabalu)

Kota Kinabalu, South China Sea, 2 May 2019.
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Jools and I arrived in KK and met the group for our Sabah Wlidlife Photography, organised by NatureArt Lab . .. There were fifteen of us altogether, all from Australia and New Zealand, all resident in Australia, and ten resident in Canberra. We had a few days in KK to acclimatise to the heat and humidity of the tropics and on our first full day we visited the markets, both the regular markets and the fish markets.

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Not much need to comment on most of the images.  They are what you see.  They are all taken with a Fuji X100F, a compact camera with a fixed 35mm-equivalent lens.

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Kota Kinabalu, Markets, Photography, Sabah, Street photography, Travel

The regular markets were undercover and almost something of a maze, with narrow corridors and stores crammed with small items.

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Kota Kinabalu, Markets, Photography, Sabah, Street photography, Travel .

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Kota Kinabalu, Markets, Photography, Sabah, Street photography, Travel .

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Kota Kinabalu, Markets, Photography, Sabah, Street photography, Travel

Now we were on our way to the fish markets and so were these two, with an impressive load of fish direct from the nearby fishing boats.

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Kota Kinabalu, Markets, Photography, Sabah, Street photography, Travel

The fish markets were much larger and more spacious, with an impressive variety of fish on display.

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Kota Kinabalu, Markets, Photography, Sabah, Street photography, Travel .

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Kota Kinabalu, Markets, Photography, Sabah, Street photography, Travel .

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Kota Kinabalu, Markets, Photography, Sabah, Street photography, Travel .

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Kota Kinabalu, Markets, Photography, Sabah, Street photography, Travel .

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Kota Kinabalu, Markets, Photography, Sabah, Street photography, Travel .

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Kota Kinabalu, Markets, Photography, Sabah, Street photography, Travel .

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Kota Kinabalu, Markets, Photography, Sabah, Street photography, Travel .

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Kota Kinabalu, Markets, Photography, Sabah, Street photography, Travel
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KL to KK (Kuala Lumpur to Kota Kinabalu)

Kuala Lumpur to Kota Kinabalu, South China Sea, 1 May 2019.
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The images in this post are taken from a plane above the South China Sea, flying from Kuala Lumpur to Kota Kinabalu, on my way to a two week wilderness photography excursion in Sabah, formerly British North Borneo.

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Aerial Photography, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Landscape, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Travel

Leaving KL Airport.

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Aerial Photography, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Landscape, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Travel

Still over the outskirts of KL.

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Aerial Photography, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Landscape, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Travel

Taking photographs from a plane requires a relatively clean window.  Internal reflections can be a problem and sometimes one side of the plane is better than the other.  A rubber lens hood against the window might help for the internal reflections. You need a high enough shutter speed to account for the vibrations of the plane.

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Aerial Photography, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Landscape, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Travel

Haze can be a problem but I don’t think a polarising filter would help as I think it would pick up diffracted colours from the plane’s windows.  Post processing is likely to make a big difference.  Infrared can help too as it tends to cut through the haze.

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Aerial Photography, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Landscape, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Travel

Islands in the South China Sea (I can’t work out from Google Earth exactly which ones).

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Aerial Photography, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Landscape, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Travel .

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Aerial Photography, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Landscape, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Travel

Coast of Sarawak.

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Aerial Photography, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Landscape, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Travel

This and the next one is probably the coast of Sabah, possibly Brunei.

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Aerial Photography, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Landscape, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Travel .

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Aerial Photography, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Landscape, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Travel

Approaching Kota Kinabalu.

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Aerial Photography, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Landscape, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Travel .

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Aerial Photography, Infrared, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur, Landscape, Photography, Sabah, seascape, Travel .

All images are infrared, taken with a camera with a converted infrared sensor.  There is a lot of scope for variations in colour in processing colour infrared.