Head in the Clouds (Lahad Datu to KK)

14 May 2019, Lahad Datu, Sabah, to Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

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These are images from two flights, from Ladah Datu to Kota Kinabalu in Sabah and from Kota Kinabalu to Kuala Lumpur. They are all monochrome conversions of infrared images.

When leaving on the plane from Lahad Datu I was instructed by a stewardess that I was not allowed to take photographs out the window during takeoff because the camera is an electronic device. That has never happened to me previously and astonished me as the camera is hardly going to be sending out wifi signals. Consequently, most of these images are of clouds.

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness

Not long before, we took off from Lahad Datu in Eastern Sabah.

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness

We are flying over Sabah.

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness

Rivers and mainly cleared land below here.

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness

The clouds could be quite majestic though.

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness .

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness .

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness .

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness

This is near Kota Kinabalu.  We have landed and taken off again.

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness .

Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness

I was able to photograph clouds over the South China Sea for a while until the visibility closed right in.

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness .

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness .

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness .

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness .

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness .

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness .

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness

Now we are over mainland Malaysia.

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness

A small sea-front village.

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness

Workers’ cottages, probably, beside the ubiquitous palm oil plantations.

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness

Palm Oil plantations.

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness .

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Aerial Photography, Black and White, Clouds, Infrared, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Wilderness .

This was the last post of our trip to Sabah.  You can see links to all the other posts in the Sabah Itinerary post.

Next, a return to the last few days in Havana in the Caribbean trip.

Sabah Monochromes

3-14 May 2019, Sabah, Malaysia

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Links go to posts with the colour versions of the images (where there may also be more information and context). If an image does not have a link, the preceding one applies.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Street markets, Kota Kinabalu.

from KK Markets (Kota Kinabalu).

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Fish markets, Kota Kinabalu.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Fishing boat, Kota Kinabalu.

from KK Fishing Boats (Kota Kinabalu).

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Egret, Kota Kinabalu Wetland Ramsar Site.

from Egrets – I’ve had a few….

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Orchid, Mt Kinabalu Botanical Garden.

from Mount Kinabalu.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Common Tree Nymphs, Butterf;y Farm, Poring Hot Springs.

from Poring Hot Springs and Sabah Tea Plantation.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Sunset, Sabah Tea Plantation.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Scarlet-backed flowerpecker.

from Sepilok Day 1 – Giant Flying Squirrels.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Unidentified Butterfly.

from Sepilok Day 2 – Sun Bears and Orang Utans.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Sun Bear, Borneo Sun Bear Conservation Centre.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Native bees and hive, on the trunk of a tree.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Orangutan, Sepilok Orangutan Rehabilitation Centre, Sepilok.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Wild orangutan, Sepilok.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Orangutans in nest high in trees, Sepilok.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife
Plantain squirrel, Sepilok.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Western Tarsier, Sepilok.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife
Pig-tailed macaques, Kinabatangan River.

from Kinabatangan River Day 1 – Pig Tailed Macaques.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Egret, Kinabatangan River

from Kinabatangan River Day 2 – Proboscis Monkeys.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Male Proboscis Monkey.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Male Proboscis Monkey.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Wild orangutan and baby, Caves of Goomontong.

from Tabin Day 1.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Pig-tailed macaques, Tabin Wildlife Reserve.

from Tabin Day 1.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Monitor lizard.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Agamid lizard (draco genus).

from Tabin Day 2 – Clouded Leopard.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Crested serpent eagle.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife
White-crowned hornbill.

from Tabin Day 3 – Last day in Sabah.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Honey comb of the Giant Honey Bee (apis dosata).

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Walking towards the mud volcano.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife
Buffy fish owl.

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Black and White, Butterfly, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Street photography, Tarsier, Wilderness, Wildlife

Sunset.

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Tabin Day 3 – Last day in Sabah

Tabin Wildlife Reserve, Sabah, 13 May 2019.

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Buffy Fish Owl, Gibbon, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Leopard cat, Nature, Parrot, Photography, Rhinoceros, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Gibbon.

I got up early this morning and the gibbons went across overhead again but the light wasn’t nearly as good as the previous day.

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Buffy Fish Owl, Gibbon, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Leopard cat, Nature, Parrot, Photography, Rhinoceros, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Gibbon.

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Buffy Fish Owl, Gibbon, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Leopard cat, Nature, Parrot, Photography, Rhinoceros, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

White-crowned hornbill.

After breakfast we went for a drive and then for a walk to the mud volcano.  This and the next few images were on the way there.

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Honey comb of the Giant Honey Bee (apis dosata).

These bees make their honey combs on places like the underneath of branches to make it hard for the sun bears to access them.  That texture you see is the comb covered in bees.

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Buffy Fish Owl, Gibbon, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Leopard cat, Nature, Parrot, Photography, Rhinoceros, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Female long-tailed parakeet.

As we passed another tree there was the head of a parrot appearing from a nesting hole on the trunk.

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Buffy Fish Owl, Gibbon, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Leopard cat, Nature, Parrot, Photography, Rhinoceros, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Some of our party walking along towards the mud volcano.

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Buffy Fish Owl, Gibbon, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Leopard cat, Nature, Parrot, Photography, Rhinoceros, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Mud volcano.

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Buffy Fish Owl, Gibbon, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Leopard cat, Nature, Parrot, Photography, Rhinoceros, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Bornean Rhino and Teetash.

This is the third-last Bornean Rhino in Sabah, which had died a couple of years before and was stuffed.  This is an adult rhino and Teetash kindly volunteered to stand beside it so you can see how small it is.  The Bornean Rhino is a subspecies of the Sumatran Rhino.  There are less than 100 Sumatran Rhinos and likely no more than 15 Bornean Rhinos.  The numbers are so small due to habitat loss.  We were due to see the last male Bornean rhino in Sabah but he took ill a few days before we arrived and died shortly after we left.  There is one female left in Sabah but she is not in good health.

There are three species of rhinoceros, the African, the Asian and the Sumatran.  The Sumatran is more closely related to the extinct Woolly Rhinoceros of Europe (as shown in cave paintings) than the African or Asian rhinos.  A distant and extinct rhino, Elasmotherium sibiricum, with a two-metre horn, is the likely source of the unicorn legend.

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Buffy Fish Owl, Gibbon, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Leopard cat, Nature, Parrot, Photography, Rhinoceros, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Elephant by elephant.

This is a painting by an Asian elephant.  Borneo pygmy elephants are a subspecies that has been separated for 3,000 years.  They may have been in Borneo for that long but it is likely they are actually surviving Javan elephants (otherwise extinct), given to the Sultan of Sulu (NE Sabah/ SE Philippines) around 1395.  Compared to Asian elephants, they are smaller with relatively larger ears, longer tails and straighter tusks.  They are threatened by habitat loss.  There are 1,000 to 4,000 in Borneo, including some in Tabin but we did not see any.  However, we did hear them in Sepilok.  They have a group there but do not want human interaction as they are intending to return them to the wild.

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Buffy Fish Owl, Gibbon, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Leopard cat, Nature, Parrot, Photography, Rhinoceros, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Rhinoceros hornbill.

Not to be confused with Bornean rhinoceros which does not have a bill and are not known for their flying.

We are now in the late afternoon to evening, taking photographs again from the back of a truck.

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Buffy Fish Owl, Gibbon, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Leopard cat, Nature, Parrot, Photography, Rhinoceros, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

A piece of grass in focus and the disappearing tip of the tail of a leopard cat, somewhat out of focus.

The previous night, I had a leopard cat in focus and lined up.  Unfortunately I hesitated to adjust exposure and it was gone.  Gaaah!  So I was determined to find another one if I could.  There it was this night, on the other side of the truck, but by the time I found it through my long telephoto lens, it was on its way and this was all I got.

Leopard cats are similar in size to domestic cats but more slender with longer legs.  They are widespread in India, China, Japan and South East Asia and not under threat.  The ones in Sabah are of the Sunda subspecies.  The ones we saw were leaving the forest at night for the palm oil plantations, probably to hunt for rats.

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Buffy Fish Owl, Gibbon, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Leopard cat, Nature, Parrot, Photography, Rhinoceros, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Leopard cat.

However, Clive Moon, who was sitting beside me, did get a photograph of the leopard cat and he has very kindly allowed me to show it on this blog.

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Buffy Fish Owl, Gibbon, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Leopard cat, Nature, Parrot, Photography, Rhinoceros, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife
Buffy fish owl.

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Buffy Fish Owl, Gibbon, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Leopard cat, Nature, Parrot, Photography, Rhinoceros, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife
Buffy fish owl.

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Buffy Fish Owl, Gibbon, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Leopard cat, Nature, Parrot, Photography, Rhinoceros, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

A disappearing sunset.

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Buffy Fish Owl, Gibbon, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Leopard cat, Nature, Parrot, Photography, Rhinoceros, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Water lilies.

On the last morning, I also went looking for gibbons but they were later than the previous two days and I did not wait around long enough so I missed them and took these photographs of lilies instead.

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Buffy Fish Owl, Gibbon, Hornbill, Infrared, Landscape, Leopard cat, Nature, Parrot, Photography, Rhinoceros, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife .

All of these photographs are completely normal images with normal colour, as certified by the Andaman Islander Institute of Normalcy (AIIN).  Well, OK, maybe not all.  That’s except for the four infrared images.  You may be able to work out which they are.

 

25,000 Images

Just a note of trivia.  There are now 25,000 images that you can access through this Blog.  There are 14,555 in the blog itself and another 10,458 live music images from 1,001 performances that you can access through links on the All Performances page.   The Honey comb of the Giant Honey Bee was image number 25,000.  If I printed each of these images at A4 and laid them end to end, they would stretch nearly 7.5 kilometres.

This is also the last post from Sabah, except for some images from the plane and some monochromes.

Tabin Day 2 – Clouded Leopard

Tabin Wildlife Reserve, Sabah, 12 May 2019.

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Birds, Clouded Leopard, Crested Serpent Eagle, Drongo, Gibbon, Hornbill, Landscape, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Gibbon.

We were up very early in the morning and were able to observe a troupe of gibbons making their way past us, high in the trees, from tree to tree.  These are Müeller’s gibbons, or North Borneo gibbons.  Gibbons diverged from great apes around 17 million years ago and they live exclusively on fruit so do not need to descend from trees.  They move by brachiation, swinging from branch to branch, for distances of up to 15 meters per swing, and can move at remarkable speeds, up to 55 km/hr.

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Birds, Clouded Leopard, Crested Serpent Eagle, Drongo, Gibbon, Hornbill, Landscape, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Pygmy squirrel.

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Birds, Clouded Leopard, Crested Serpent Eagle, Drongo, Gibbon, Hornbill, Landscape, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Crested serpent eagle.

After breakfast we went for a ride in a truck and then a walk in the rainforest.

 

Birds, Clouded Leopard, Crested Serpent Eagle, Drongo, Gibbon, Hornbill, Landscape, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Agamid lizard (draco genus).

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Birds, Clouded Leopard, Crested Serpent Eagle, Drongo, Gibbon, Hornbill, Landscape, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Draco Cornutis (green flying lizard).

It is not apparent here, but this fellow has flaps under its body that allows it to glide from tree to tree.

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Birds, Clouded Leopard, Crested Serpent Eagle, Drongo, Gibbon, Hornbill, Landscape, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Monitor lizard.

In the late afternoon we went for another ride in the truck, photographing with a long lens from the open tray.

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Birds, Clouded Leopard, Crested Serpent Eagle, Drongo, Gibbon, Hornbill, Landscape, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Drongo.

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Birds, Clouded Leopard, Crested Serpent Eagle, Drongo, Gibbon, Hornbill, Landscape, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Drongo.

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Birds, Clouded Leopard, Crested Serpent Eagle, Drongo, Gibbon, Hornbill, Landscape, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Crested serpent eagle.

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Birds, Clouded Leopard, Crested Serpent Eagle, Drongo, Gibbon, Hornbill, Landscape, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Rhinoceros hornbills.

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Birds, Clouded Leopard, Crested Serpent Eagle, Drongo, Gibbon, Hornbill, Landscape, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Crested serpent eagle.

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Birds, Clouded Leopard, Crested Serpent Eagle, Drongo, Gibbon, Hornbill, Landscape, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

It was after dark when we came upon another group who had seen a clouded leopard.  It had caught a civet and had settled down up a tree, behind the foliage. It wasn’t visible but we knew it was there so we waited. After about half an hour we caught a glimpse of a tail, which you may be able to see in the image above.

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Birds, Clouded Leopard, Crested Serpent Eagle, Drongo, Gibbon, Hornbill, Landscape, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

After nearly an hour, the clouded leopard moved and we were able to see it through the foliage.

This is the Borneo subspecies of the Sunda clouded leopard.  The Sunda clouded leopard is endemic to Sumatra and Borneo, and separated from the mainland clouded leopard about three million years ago.  Note also that the clouded leopard is not a subspecies of leopard.  They are the sole members of the subfamily neofelis, whereas the subfamily panthera includes leopard, tiger, snow leopard, lion and jaguar. The Sunda clouded leopard is medium-sized, weighing 12 to 26kg.  Its flexible ankle joints allow it to climb down trees head first and it has the longest tooth size to head size of any cat, perhaps to help it hold on to prey in trees.  It is classified as vulnerable due to habitat loss as it is dependent on living in rainforest.

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Birds, Clouded Leopard, Crested Serpent Eagle, Drongo, Gibbon, Hornbill, Landscape, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Photography, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

I didn’t see the clouded leopard’s head but Damien Esquerré did and has kindly allowed me to show you this photograph.

Our guides said it was the first one they had seen for five years.

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Tabin Day 1

Tabin Wildlife Reserve, Sabah, 11 May 2019.

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Birds, Crested Serpent Eage, Hornbill, Landscape, Millipede, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Orangutan mother and baby.

On this day we travelled to Tabin Wildlife Reserve.  On the way we stopped at the Caves of Goomontong, at a huge cave populated with bats and swiftlets.  Lighting was fiendishly difficult there and I have no images to show you but on the walk back from the cave we encountered a wild orangutan mother and baby.  It looks as though they might be in a zoo but they’re just sitting on the steps of an abandoned building.

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Birds, Crested Serpent Eage, Hornbill, Landscape, Millipede, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife .

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Birds, Crested Serpent Eage, Hornbill, Landscape, Millipede, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Millipede.

Now we are in Tabin in the later morning and I think this millipede was on a rail outside our room.  The difference between centipedes and millipedes is not the number of legs, it’s that centipedes have one pair of legs per segment whereas millipedes have two.

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Birds, Crested Serpent Eage, Hornbill, Landscape, Millipede, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Pig-tailed macaques.

It is now the late afternoon.  We might have been sitting around to escape the midday heat or it might have been raining.  I can’t remember which. You expect to encounter rain each afternoon and perhaps in the evening in Sabah but we were lucky in this trip and that only happened in Tabin.

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Birds, Crested Serpent Eage, Hornbill, Landscape, Millipede, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Pig-tailed Macaque.

We were photographing these images from the back of a small open truck.

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Birds, Crested Serpent Eage, Hornbill, Landscape, Millipede, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Monitor lizard and with something, maybe an insect, in his mouth.

Tabin Wildlife Reserve is a large island in a sea of palm oil plantations.  There is a lot of wildlife though most is secondary forest and it shows how much though not all of the wildlife will survive the largest trees being taken out, though the replacement of the forest for uses such as palm oil plantations is another matter.  There is also a much smaller island of primary forest, but that is not open to humans.

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Birds, Crested Serpent Eage, Hornbill, Landscape, Millipede, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Crested serpent eagle.

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Birds, Crested Serpent Eage, Hornbill, Landscape, Millipede, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

White-crowned hornbill.

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Birds, Crested Serpent Eage, Hornbill, Landscape, Millipede, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Buffy fish owl.

We are now on a nighttime walk.

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Birds, Crested Serpent Eage, Hornbill, Landscape, Millipede, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Stick insect (probably Haaniella echinate), endemic to Borneo.

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Birds, Crested Serpent Eage, Hornbill, Landscape, Millipede, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Orang Utan, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Sabah, Tabin, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Unidentified moth.

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Kinabatangan River Day 2 – Proboscis Monkeys

Kinabatangan River, Sabah, 10 May 2019.

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These images are from two trips along the river in a boat, one in the early morning and one in the late afternoon.  All the wildlife shots are from a considerable distance with a very long lens (420mm, full frame camera).

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Birds, Egrets, Hornbill, Infrared, Kinabatangan River, Kingfisher, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Oriental Pied Hornbill.

This is the most common Asian hornbill and the most adaptable to habitat loss, so is not considered threatened.  Its distribution spreads over India and South-East Asia.

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Birds, Egrets, Hornbill, Infrared, Kinabatangan River, Kingfisher, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Blue-throated Bee Eater.

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Egret.

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Birds, Egrets, Hornbill, Infrared, Kinabatangan River, Kingfisher, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Male Proboscis Monkey.

The male proboscis monkey is recognisable by his large nose, thought to aid in making calls.

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Birds, Egrets, Hornbill, Infrared, Kinabatangan River, Kingfisher, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Female Proboscis Monkey.

Proboscis monkeys are endemic to Borneo, and live in coastal areas close to water.  They are quite large monkeys and are good swimmers, having partially webbed feet.  They are classified as endangered due to habitat loss.

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Birds, Egrets, Hornbill, Infrared, Kinabatangan River, Kingfisher, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Female Proboscis Monkey.

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Female Proboscis Monkey.

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Rhinocerous Hornbill.

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Rhinocerous Hornbill.

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Saltwater Crocodile.

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Rhinocerous Hornbill.

The rhinocerous hornbill is a large hornbill with a wingspan of around a metre.  It is endemic to Borneo, Sumatra, Java, the Malay Peninsula and Southern Thailand.  It requires large tree hollows for nesting and is classified as vulnerable due to habitat loss.  The females seals herself for nesting in a tree cavity sealed with mud and the male feeds her through a hole in the mud.

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Birds, Egrets, Hornbill, Infrared, Kinabatangan River, Kingfisher, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Some views of the river from the boat.  Her as Usual it is quite hot and humid

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Birds, Egrets, Hornbill, Infrared, Kinabatangan River, Kingfisher, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

… though sometimes it cools a little off due to rain.

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Usually it rains often but we were pretty lucky.

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Proboscis Monkeys.

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Collared kingfisher.

 

Birds, Egrets, Hornbill, Infrared, Kinabatangan River, Kingfisher, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Blue-eared kingfisher.

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A boat on the river, showing something of the scale of the rainforest.

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Proboscis Monkey.

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Birds, Egrets, Hornbill, Infrared, Kinabatangan River, Kingfisher, Landscape, Nature, Photography, Proboscis Monkey, Sabah, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Proboscis Monkeys.

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Male Proboscis Monkey.

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Lines over the river. Not zip lines or for flying foxes, they are for monkeys to cross without having to tangle with the crocodiles.

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(And yes, those three images in the middle were infrared).

Kinabatangan River Day 1 – Pig Tailed Macaques

Kinabatangan River, Sabah, 9 May 2019.

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Asian Palm Civet, Birds, Butterfly, Insects, Kingfisher, Landscape, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Sabah, Slow Loris, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Collared kingfisher.

These daylight images – this one and the next nine, were all taken from a boat on the Kinabatangan River, all with a very long telephoto lens (420mm).

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Asian Palm Civet, Birds, Butterfly, Insects, Kingfisher, Landscape, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Sabah, Slow Loris, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Long tailed Macaque.

Macaques are amongst the most widespread of monkeys and are endemic to Asia. North Africa and Gibraltar.  Long tailed Macaques are endemic to South East Asia.  They live in a variety of environments and can be closely associated with human settlements.  They can be an invasive species in some places, including Hong Kong and West Papua.  They are onmivores and considered of least concern for their conservation status.

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Long tailed Macaque.

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Southern Pig-tailed Macaques.

Southern Pig-tailed Macaques are endemic to Borneo, Sumatra and mainland Malaysia.  They live in rainforest and are also omniverous.  They are classified as vulnerable.

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Asian Palm Civet, Birds, Butterfly, Insects, Kingfisher, Landscape, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Sabah, Slow Loris, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Pig-tailed Macaques.

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Pig-tailed Macaques.

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Male Proboscis Monkey.

Proboscis monkeys are large monkeys endemic to Borneo.  The large nose of the males may assist in giving them a more resonant call.  They are aboreal (tree-dwelling), live close to water and are good swimmers.  They mostly eat fruit and leaves and will jump from tree to tree.  They are classified as endangered, due to habitat loss.

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Macaque.

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A Proboscis Monkey family tree.

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Female Proboscis monkey.

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Monitor lizard sleeping on the branch of a tree.

After dinner we went for a walk and I took some more images by torchlight.

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Asian Palm Civet, Birds, Butterfly, Insects, Kingfisher, Landscape, Monitor Lizard, Nature, Photography, Pig Tailed Macaques, Sabah, Slow Loris, Travel, Wilderness, Wildlife

Slow Loris.

This is one was actually moving around quite quickly, despite the name.  It was a challenging photographic situation, dimly lit by torchlight.  requiring an exposure of 25,600 ISO and still three stops under.

This is a Phillipine Slow Loris, one of four species of what was previously the Borneo Slow Loris.  Ironically. it is endemic to Northern Borneo and not the Phillipines.  It is nocturnal and sparsely populated.  It is thought to be more nocturnal than other slow loris sub-species but little is known about it.  Not something you are guaranteed to see in a Borneo rainforest at all.

Unique for primates, slow lorises have a poisonous bite.  They have a poisonous gland near their armpits which they lick and the secretion becomes mixed with saliva.  They are more closely related to lemurs than monkeys.  They are classified as vulnerable or endangered and some subspecies have yet to be classified.  As well as habitat loss, they are threatened by a pet trade.  They look very cute with their large nocturnal eyes but the trade is very cruel.  They usually have their teeth cut or pulled due to the poisonous bit and often die from that.  Then they are nocturnal and have a specialised diet so do not do well in captivity.

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Stick insect.

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Asian Palm Civet.

Civets are part of the feliformia suborder of carnivora that includes cats, hyenas, mongooses and civets.  Civets are found in South East Asia, India and China.  Asian Palm Civets are nocturnal omnivores, mainly eating berries and fruit and leading solitary lifestyles.  There is a strange demand for coffee made from beans that have been eaten and digested by civets.  Traditionally, this was from harvesting the faeces of wild civets but it has led to captive civets in battery cages being fed coffee beans to produce the coffee.  There is also an unfortunately large (and illegal) usage of civets in Indonesia as pets.

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Katydid.

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Unidentified butterfly.

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Lantern bug (Pyrops whiteheadi).

They are called lantern bugs because it was believed erroneously in the eighteenth century that their extended hollow “snout” glowed in the dark.

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