Capitol Reef (and Black Hawk War)

Capitol Reef National Park, Utah, USA, 24th to 25th October 2014.

Here are some images from our overnight stay in Capitol Reef National Park.  Capitol Reef was named for a Navaho sandstone dome (that we probably did not see) that resembles the Capitol in Washington and for a line of cliffs that was an early barrier to travel (and was in those days referred to as a reef).

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Capitol Reef, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

(Here we have stopped at a lookout at the side of the road and the larger vehicle is the one we are travelling in.  The next five images are from this place.)

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Capitol Reef, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

We are in Utah.  This is the land of the Utes, the Utes being a group of indian tribes based mainly in Eastern Utah and Western Colorado.  Well, at least it was the land of the Utes until 1847 when the Mormons came to settle, having been driven out of Missouri and Illinois.

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Capitol Reef, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

The central document of the Mormons is the Book of Mormon, allegedly handed to Joseph Smith on gold tablets by the Angel Moroni.  It includes a history of prehistoric North America as that of four lost tribes of Israel.  The Indians were said to be one of those tribes (the Lamanites) so Mormons tended to seek places to live on the frontier to reap the opportunity to return the Indians to their special religious destiny.

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Capitol Reef, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

This made Mormon relations in Utah different from those of other American States (not that Utah was a State until 1896 mind you).  Because the Indians were believed to be their lost brothers in religion, Brigham Young followed a policy that it was better to feed them than fight them.  So while in other areas, settlers ruthlessly took over the best land and water supplies and exterminated any opposition, the Mormons ruthlessly took over the best land and water supplies and tried to feed the displaced natives.

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Capitol Reef, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

That was the policy from Brigham Young, anyway.  The actual Mormon settlers in the frontier areas could often be ruthlessly violent irrespective of official policy.

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Capitol Reef, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

(We stopped by the side of the road for, if I remember, some animals at a farm and I found these interesting agricultural relics by the fence).

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Capitol Reef, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

Nonetheless, the Indians had a better deal from the Mormons than in other regions where they were subjected to genocide. The situation was also complicated by an ambiguity of jurisdictional power between the Mormons and the Federal Government, both of whom were supplying food to the Indians. However, by 1865 the provision of federal funds and the distribution of food had broken down and Indians were starting to starve.
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Capitol Reef, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

This led to the Black Hawk Wars of 1865 to 1872. These are named after Black Hawk, the main war leader of the Indians, though he was not the only leader and the war continued after he had surrendered and argued for peace.
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Capitol Reef, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

At the start of the war at least, the Mormons had a tenuous hold on valleys in the centre and to the West of Utah, whereas the Indians held the land to the East and South of Utah, which was generally unexplored by whites.

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Capitol Reef, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

(We made a brief stop for a petroglyph site but after taking photos of the cliffs and the grasses, I ran out of time to make it to the petroglyphs).

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Capitol Reef, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

The Indian motivation for the war was their own physical survival and their purpose was to seize herds of cattle and drive them South-East for sale in Sante Fe where they then bought guns and ammunition as well as food.  Capitol Reef National Park, as it is now called and as you see in these images, was one of the places where they found a myriad of places to hide out with their stolen cattle.

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Capitol Reef, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

(The next morning, we went for a drive a short way up the road for dawn.  While dawn wasn’t so impressive that day, we found a nice small waterfall and various other points of interest).

 

Capitol Reef, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

Indian rebellions like this were usually particularly dangerous for the Indians involved and even others of their tribe.  The US Army was likely to turn up and wipe them out.

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Capitol Reef, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

Black Hawk had had extensive contacts with the Mormons and he was smart enough to recognise that here was a special opportunity.  Brigham Young didn’t want to call in the Army because he was afraid they would take the opportunity to take over Utah.  All through the 50s, the independence of the Mormons was delicately poised with recurring takeover threats from Washington but they received something of a respite during the Civil War.  Now the war was over and the threat level was rising.

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Capitol Reef, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

Initially, the Indians concentrated on just stealing cattle and avoiding killing people but after a series of incidents, the killings increased on both sides.  Not all Ute tribes were involved but Indians from many tribes were, including Utes, Navaho, Hopi and Apache.

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Capitol Reef, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

Conversely, Brigham Young pursued the war with his Navoo Legion, which had had a legal basis in Illinois but not really any more.  They had orders from Young to avoid killing Indians where possible and to only target hostile Indians.  However, the troops were often people living in vulnerable places and these orders were often ignored.

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Capitol Reef, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

Faced with the success of the Indians, Brigham Young ordered withdrawal from small settlements that were not easy to defend and fortification of the ones that remained.  For some time the implementation of these policies was lax but a couple of massacres focused attention to more rigorously implement these policies.  This led to beating off of raids and winding down of the war.  Black Hawk discontinued combat in 1867 but the war continued on a smaller scale, mainly under the Navaho, until 1872.  Many of the abandoned settlements were not resettled for decades.

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Capitol Reef, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

A generation later, Butch Cassidy hid out in the badlands including Capitol Reef.  Actually, when I was in the remote desert in Western Argentina, I encountered a photograph of him and associates on the wall of a local eating place.  He had hidden out in that area for a time while on the run.

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Capitol Reef, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

(Here is another place where we stopped to photograph the spectacular arid landscape).

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DSCF8888_s .

Bryce Canyon 2

Zion Canyon National Park, Utah, USA, 24th October 2014.

Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

The next morning, we returned to Bryce Canyon to photograph the magnificent assemblages at and before dawn.

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

After an hour or so we left for breakfast and here we have returned in the later morning for a final sortie.

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

One or two of our party walked all the way down to the canyon floor.  I didn’t allow myself enough time for that and it was a long walk back up I didn’t want to have to hurry.

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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DSCF8843_s

On our way to Capitol Reef National Park we were transfixed by this huge tree in full autumn foliage in the small town of Lyman, Utah.

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Bryce Canyon 1

Bryce Canyon National Park, Utah, USA, 23rd October 2014.

Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

This is from a viewpoint in Bryce National park, 8,000 to 9,000 feet above sea level (or 2,400 to 2,700 metres).  We arrived in mid afternoon and the light could be better but the image does give you a good overview.

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

The little shapes that poke up like statues are called hoodoos.  The proliferation of the hoodoos is caused by freezing and thawing cycles in winter, causing splitting in the rocks.  Because of the high elevation it is very cold with ice and snow in winter.

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

It looks like a desolate wasteland but you may be able to notice that there are a few houses in the second valley.

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

We were lucky to catch the Bryce hoodoos while they are still there.  They are eroding away very fast, at about a metre every 200 years, and within only 600,000 years they will all be gone.

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

Unfortunately, some of the first eight or so of these images are not as sharp as they could be.  Being used to a DSLR and not having mirror bounce with the Fuji camera, I thought I could get away without a remote release.  When I later found they were unsharp due to tripod movement, I started using the camera timer.  You won’t notice the unsharpness on this page but many of them are not worth printing.

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

I find an ambiguity of scale here.  They might be bonsais but they’re not.

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

We went away to have dinner and came back for the sunset….

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah

The pink, orange and white hoodoos and spires are part of the Claron Formation which is limestone, 40 to 50 million years old.

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Bryce Canyon, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah .

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Zion Canyon (Mono)

Utah, USA, 21st to 23rd October 2014.

Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

These are monochrome versions of Zion Canyon images from the previous four posts.

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Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

Here is a curiosity – a monochrome sunrise.

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Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

Many of the images, such as this one, are monochrome infrareds.

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Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon.

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Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Black and White, Infrared, Landscape, Monochrome, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

For more information about the images, see the previous four posts.

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Leaving Zion Canyon

Zion Canyon National Park, Utah, USA, 23rd October 2014.

Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

This is dawn at Springdale, Utah, just outside Zion Canyon National Park but looking towards it.

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

Later, after breakfast, we headed off towards Bryce Canyon National Park.   The road, still inside Zion Canyon National Park, was a twisting wonderland, with tunnels and not many places to park a vehicle.  Wonderful views abounded (when not inside the tunnels) with vistas and canyons and autumn colours.

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

Most of these images are from walking in small canyons beside the road though some are from the road.

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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DSCF2603_s-HDR(4) .

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

Here are layers and layers of rock laid down over the millenia as sand dunes turned to sandstone.

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

Further on, outside the National Park, we came to a farm with some strange-looking cattle – well, bison actually.

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon.

Zion Canyon (IR)

Utah, USA, 22nd October 2014.

Infrared, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

Whose eyes are these?

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Infrared, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

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Infrared, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

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Infrared, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

Why do they see this way?

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Infrared, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

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Infrared, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

Whose head am I in?

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Infrared, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

What kind of animal sees the world this way?

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Infrared, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

… with such an extended spectral response …

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Infrared, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

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Infrared, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

… and sometimes such clarity …

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Infrared, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

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Infrared, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

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Infrared, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

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Infrared, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

Or is it the world that has changed?

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Infrared, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

… leaving me as the reflection of my own perceptions?

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Infrared, Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

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Lava Point and The Narrows

Zion Canyon area, Utah, USA, 22nd October 2014.

Landscape, Lava point, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, The Narrows, Travel, USA, Utah, Wilcat Trail Head, Zion Canyon

Dawn at Lava Point, Zion National Park….

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Landscape, Lava point, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, The Narrows, Travel, USA, Utah, Wilcat Trail Head, Zion Canyon .

Landscape, Lava point, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, The Narrows, Travel, USA, Utah, Wilcat Trail Head, Zion Canyon .

Landscape, Lava point, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, The Narrows, Travel, USA, Utah, Wilcat Trail Head, Zion Canyon .

Landscape, Lava point, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, The Narrows, Travel, USA, Utah, Wilcat Trail Head, Zion Canyon

Coming back down from the viewpoint after dawn, this is a view from Wildcat Trail Head.

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Landscape, Lava point, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, The Narrows, Travel, USA, Utah, Wilcat Trail Head, Zion Canyon .

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Landscape, Lava point, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, The Narrows, Travel, USA, Utah, Wilcat Trail Head, Zion Canyon These are landscapes on a majestic scale.

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Landscape, Lava point, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, The Narrows, Travel, USA, Utah, Wilcat Trail Head, Zion Canyon .

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Landscape, Lava point, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, The Narrows, Travel, USA, Utah, Wilcat Trail Head, Zion Canyon.jpg

Further on the way back, I’m not sure exactly where, this is a view from the road…..

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Landscape, Lava point, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, The Narrows, Travel, USA, Utah, Wilcat Trail Head, Zion Canyon.jpg

Back in Zion Canyon proper, this is a view of the top of the cliffs.  The sandstone cliffs here are 3,000 feet high (or 900 metres).

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Landscape, Lava point, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, The Narrows, Travel, USA, Utah, Wilcat Trail Head, Zion Canyon.jpg

I stopped to take a photograph and the others kept on going.  Though there’s just the one valley here, they must have gone on a side trail because I walked on past them.

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Landscape, Lava point, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, The Narrows, Travel, USA, Utah, Wilcat Trail Head, Zion Canyon.jpg .

Landscape, Lava point, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, The Narrows, Travel, USA, Utah, Wilcat Trail Head, Zion Canyon

I ended up walking in The Narrows.  This is potentially a very dangerous place because heavy rain 20 miles away can cause a flash flood.  Suddenly, there is raging water, a massive increase in the water level and nowhere to hide.  These events can particularly happen in summer.

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Landscape, Lava point, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, The Narrows, Travel, USA, Utah, Wilcat Trail Head, Zion Canyon

Someone drowned in the Narrows in September 2014, a month before I was there.  Two people died in 2010 trying to go down the river on a log raft.  Two drowned in 1998 and five boy scouts died in a flash flood in the 1961.

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Landscape, Lava point, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, The Narrows, Travel, USA, Utah, Wilcat Trail Head, Zion Canyon .

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Landscape, Lava point, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, The Narrows, Travel, USA, Utah, Wilcat Trail Head, Zion Canyon

Back out of The Narrows, still in Zion Canyon.

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Landscape, Lava point, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, The Narrows, Travel, USA, Utah, Wilcat Trail Head, Zion Canyon

This is a blue heron, who didn’t appear to be catching any fish.

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Landscape, Lava point, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, The Narrows, Travel, USA, Utah, Wilcat Trail Head, Zion Canyon

A section of the canyon wall.  If in Afghanistan, maybe a suitable place to carve a replacement for the giant Bhuddas of Bamiyan.

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Landscape, Lava point, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, The Narrows, Travel, USA, Utah, Wilcat Trail Head, Zion Canyon

Back at the bridge, with the light fading….

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Landscape, Lava point, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, The Narrows, Travel, USA, Utah, Wilcat Trail Head, Zion Canyon .

Zion Canyon (Day 1)

Utah, USA, 21st October 2014.

Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

Moving out of Las Vegas and entering Utah, our first destination was Zion Canyon.  This is the view from the bridge on the way into the National Park.

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

Zion Canyon is on the edge of the Colorado Plateau and so is unusual in that you walk in from the bottom of the canyon instead of looking around from the top.

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

Near the bridge is as far as you can drive a car.  To go further up the canyon you have to take a bus and then walk.

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

The rocks are mainly sandstone and the layers date mainly from the Triassic to the Jurassic (250 to 150 million years ago).

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

Anasazi (ancestral publoans) lived in this area from about 2,000 years ago; Paiutes from about 800 years ago and Mormons from the 1860s.

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon x.

Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon .

Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

Back at the bridge (similar viewpoint to the first image) for the fading sun.

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Landscape, Photography, Southwest Canyonlands, Travel, USA, Utah, Zion Canyon

This final image is a ten minute exposure after dark.

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