Knossos

Heraklion, Crete, Greece, 12 October 2018.

.

(Click on any image to see it in a larger size, if you are on a PC or tablet at least.)

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

This is a koulouras, from the West Court of the First “Palace” of Knossos, 2000 to 1700BC.  It was used for storing grain and presumably had a cover, probably wooden, perhaps woven.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

West Court.

Knossos was first excavated by Sir Arthur Evans, in the first two decades of the twentieth century.  He named the Minoan civilisation after the legendary King Minos. If Minos actually existed, he was probably from an earlier period than the “Palace” of Knossos.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

West Porch, Corridor of the Procession.

The West Porch (foreground) had a double door and led to the long Corridor of the Procession.  That was named after a fresco on an adjoining wall showing a procession of people with gifts and also musicians.

There was a settlement at Knossos as early as 7,000BC.  The first “palace” though, dates from around 2000BC.  There were also other equivalent “palaces at various sites in Crete with the main other ones been at Phaestos, Malia and Khania.  In this period the “palaces” had different styles so they were probably independent.  Around 1700BC they were all destroyed by earthquakes and fire and the rebuilt.  Knossos was rebuilt to a higher standard and the others now followed the Knossos style, indicating Knossos had now become dominant.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

South House

This is from the New Palace Period of 1700 to 1450 BC, and reconstructed with three stories.  Evans reconstructions are controversial as they are often based as much on imagination as evidence.  A modern archaeologist would not duplicate his approach.

The Minoan civilisation survived tsunamis from the Thira eruption around 1550BC but that eruption and resulting climatic disturbance probably undermined it.  The Mycenaeans from the mainland took over in 1450BC.  There was widespread devastation at this time and subsequent rebuilding, though in a simpler style with less naturalistic art.  The “palace” and outlying buildings were then destroyed by fire around 1300BC.  There was little reconstruction after that and the site was abandoned by 1100BC, though it was later occupied by Greeks and Romans.  The Cretans were not wiped out by the Mycenaeans because the distinctive pottery pithoi persisted and it is now believed there was a joint culture after 1450BC.

.

Same place, different viewpoint.  Some may wonder at the hyper-realistic sculpture in the open doorway  of a young woman in full colour and in modern dress with perhaps a brochure and wearing a wristwatch.  It may be difficult at this distance to establish definitively if this is a creation of Evans or an unrestored original work of Minoan art.

The Minoan civilisation had a maritime culture with extensive trade and also colonies or partner states in Rhodes, Thira and the Cyclades.  Knossos and the other “palaces” were not fortified, indicating a relatively peaceful society that was not threatened by external invasion.  There were weapons and armour though and there was no doubt conflict at times between regional centres.  There were also guard posts on main roads, indicating some existence of banditry.

.Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Evans called Knossos and other centres palaces but it is by no means clear exactly how they operated.  Functions may have included administration, trade, religion, politics and social activities.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Cup-Bearer Fresco, South Propylæum.

The South Propylæum was originally part of the Corridor of the Procession as shown in this fresco, related to the fresco of the procession mentioned earlier.

There was hieroglyphic script in the First Palatial Period and this was replaced after 1700BC by Linear A script, mainly on clay tablets.  Neither of these have been deciphered and the language used is unknown.  After 1450BC, there was Linear B script and the language was Greek.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Large pithoi (storage jars), South Propylæum, Postpalatial Period (1450-1100BC).

More is known of activities in Knossos after 1450BC due to writings in Linear B script which can be read.  The was a leader called the Wanax and the administration was concerned with land tenure, religion and textiles.  There were over 700 shepherds harvesting 50–75 tons of raw wool, woven by nearly 1,000 workers, and producing up to 20,000 textile items.  It is not known whether this may have differed before theMycenaeans took over in 1450BC.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Piano Nobile.

The piano nobile is largely Evan’s creation.  He thought there would be first floor reception rooms like in a Italian Renaissance palazzo.  In the background it the Central Court, where bull-jumping and other activities would have occurred.  (I did not think to photograph this more directly).

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Bases of columns near the West Magazines, long narrow spaces for storing pithoi.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Les Parisiennes.

When an early archaeologist saw this fresco, impressed by the sophistication of their attire, he exclaimes “But these are les Parisiennes!”.  (Sorry about the reflections).

We now see a succession of frescoes from the Hall of the Fresco Copies.  So these are not the originals,  held in controlled environments in museums.  I presume that the originals, usually fragmentary, would have been found in various locations in Knossos.

What is known of Minoan art and religion indicate it was a culture with a much more prominent role for women than later cultures.  It is not known whether it was a matriarchal culture but one aspect must have been men going off in ships to trade and leaving women with a large role in running the homeland.

.Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

The Bull-Jumping Fresco.

A feature of Minoan culture was bull-jumping, an initiation ritual for young men. The bull would presumably be charging at them and their task was to grab the horns, somersault over the bull and be caught by attendants.

.Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel .

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

The fresco represents an octopus, it’s recreated from fragments (as you can see if you click on it for a larger view and look carefully) and the original is 3,500 years old or more but it could almost be modern art.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel .

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel .

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel .

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel .

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel .

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

This is nearby the Hall of the Fresco Copies, but I’m not sure exactly where.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

This shows something of the context.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Prince of the Lillies Fresco.

This is a very fragmentary reconstruction by Evans at the South Entrance.  There are various opinions as to how it should appear.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel . Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

A set of stairs, now seemingly into the void.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

This is the North Entrance, seen from the side.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Moving around, the actual entrance was just to the right.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

… and here is a closer view of what remains of the fresco.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

This is The Throne Room.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

A slightly different viewpoint.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

And the “throne”.

This is a wooden copy of a stone “throne” from an adjoining room.  The purpose of the room is unknown.  It may have been used for religious ceremonies but was unlikely to have been a throne room in the modern sense.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Shrine of the Double Axes.

A stone double axe and votive clay offerings were fond here.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Outside The Hall of Double Axes.

This was named by Evans after double axe signs carved into the walls of the lightwell at the rear.  Evans thought it was the King’s residence.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Inside The Queen’s Megaron.

A richly decorated room that Evans though must have belonged to the Queen.  A small side-room is named the Queen’s bathroom due to ceramic fragments that he thought were remains of a bath.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Outside The Queen’s Megaron.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Pithoi from The Magazines of the Giant Pithoi.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Pithoi from the Corridor of the Bays.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

North Lustral Basin

This leads down to a room at a lower level than the rest of Knossos that Evans thought was something like a cistern, used for purification ceremonies.  However, it is unlikely that there was water here and its purpose is unknown.

.Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Theatral Area.

This reminded Evans of later Greek theatres and he thought this may have been used for performances viewed by a standing crowd.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel

The Royal Road.

So-named by Evans with his usual royalist preoccupation.  It continues on (under the modern road) to the Minoan town that eventually became Heraklion.

. Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Knossos, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel .

References:

Thira to Heraklion

Thira (Santorini), to Heraklion, Crete, Greece, 12 October 2018.

.

(Click on any image to see it in a larger size, if you are on a PC or tablet at least.)

.

We are now on the ferry on our way from Thira to Heraklion (in Crete).  Fortuitously, it is just after six o’clock and sunset is approaching so there are some special opportunities for long lens photography as we leave Thira.

.

Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

Cruise liner probably heading to Athens.  I think Oia is in the background.

.Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

Picturesque vessel, I think a schooner.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

Probably part of Thira township at the top of the cliffs.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

Close-up of luxurious tourist accommodation atop the cliffs.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

Late light playing on the sea.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

It took me a while to work out.  At the bottom of the cliffs is not the port we came from, it’s the old port of Thira, with Imerovigli at the top.  You might need to click on the image to expand it to see, but there’s a road going down there and also a cablecar.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

The light is very different according to the direction you are looking.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

Towards the sun, sunset approaching.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

Akrotiri lighthouse with people in front of it to watch the sunset.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel .

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

These houses may be on Akro Aspronisi Point, near Akrotiri Lighthouse.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

The light is slowly fading away.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

Last view of Thira with darkness approaching.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

Venetian Harbour and the Koules Fortress.

Some hours later and we are now in Heraklion in Crete.  This is the view from our hotel room.

.

We are now in Heraklion and for the next nine days we will be travelling around Crete, especially to remote places and ancient sires.

.Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

An ancient building with the roof in need of repair.

This is also taken from the hotel the next day, from the balcony outside the dining room at the time of breakfast.  This also applies to the next four images.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

An old ruined boat fenced off beside the harbour.  I think I may have been told a story about it and I know exactly where it is but I can find no further information.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

The Venetian Lion on the side of Koules Fortress.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

The Venetian Harbour at Heraklion.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

Crete has had a long and varied history.  Humans were on Crete as early as 130,000 years ago (though not our subspecies).  Prehistoric animals included pygmy hippos, pygmy elephants, dwarf deer and giant mice. Remarkably, there have also been plausible though contested claims that footprints in rock in Crete were from a human relative 5.6 million years ago (which is not consistent with the conventional Out of Africa theory).

The Minoan civilisation was the earliest in Europe and lasted from 3500BC to 1100BC.  Crete was then taken over by the Mycenaeans and then the Dorians and became part of ancient Greek civilisation.  Rome conquered Crete in 69BC and it later became part of the Byzantine Empire.  The Arabs took over in 820 and established a piratical Emirate.  They built the town of Candia here which became the new capital of Crete and was later renamed Heraklion.  Byzantium took it back in 961 until the time of the Fourth Crusade in 1204 when the Venetians took over, after briefly contesting the island with the Genovese. 

The Ottomans took over in 1669 after laying siege to Candia for 21 years and the last Venetian outpost at Spinalonga fell in 1718.  Many Cretans participated in the Greek War of Independence from 1821 to 1829 but did not gain independence for Crete.  Despite many revolts, this did not happen until 1898, first as an independent state under the Ottomans (though occupied by the Great Powers) and Candia was remaned Heraklion at this time.  From 1908 it became part of Greece. 

The Moslem minority of Crete was repopulated to Turkey after the treaty of Lausanne in 1923.  Germany occupied Crete from 1941 to 1944 and there was fierce guerilla resistance from the locals.  There was civil war on Crete from 1947 to 1948, with an attempted Communist insurrection and the last two holdouts surrendered in 1974, 25 years after the last action on the mainland.

El Greco was from Crete (and from Candia) and Eleftherios Venezolos “Maker of Modern Greece”, the dominant Greek politician of the early 20th century, was also from Crete.

After breakfast and taking the preceding images, we headed off to the ancient Minoan city of Knossos (next post).

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

Returning from Knossos, we left the rental car at the hotel and walked to the Museum of Archaeology (post after next).  On the way I paused at a couple of weathered doorways.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel .

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

We returned from the museum and later in the early evening went for a walk around the harbour.  These shells were for sale and Jools bought one.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

Fishing boats.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

Fishing nets.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

Fishing boats leading up to Koules Fortress (which was closed).

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel .

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel .

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel .

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

This is in an area of Venetian dry docks and boat repairs.  The water was lapping in in those days.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

Later in the evening, a closer look at the mysterious old boat.  The name XAPAꓥAMΠOΠ may be a reference to Saint Charalampus, who lived during the reign of Septimus Severus.

.Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel

We were very fortunate that a band was playing Greek music in a park across from the hotel. I do not know the band’s name.  There was also a market at the same time.

. Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel . Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel . Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel . Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel . Architecture, Art, Crete, Doors, Greece, Heraklion, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Santorini, seascape, Street photography, Thira, Travel .

Chania and Rethymnon.

Sougia to Chania, Chania, Rethymnon, Crete, Greece, 17th October 2018.
Temporary Post. Brief image descriptions and no commentary.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel

Chapel on a distant hilltop between Sougia and Palæochora.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel

Palæochora

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel

Village in Eastern Crete.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel

Church near Amigdalokefali, looking to Akra Koutouloz peninsula.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel

Village in Eastern Crete.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel .

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel

Chania.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel

Kuzuk Hasan Mosque, Chania.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel

The Venetian/ Ottoman lighthouse, Chania.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel

Street performers, Chania

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel .

,

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel .

,

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel .

,

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel

Chania Harbour and Venetian dry docks.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel .

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel .

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel

Grand Arsenal, Chania.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel

Chania lighthouse.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel

Chania at night.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel

Roman mosaic.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel

Chania backstreets.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel .

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel .

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel

Venetian Fortezza, Rethymnon.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel .

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel .

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel .

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel .

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel .

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Chania, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Rethymnon, Street photography, Travel

Venetian Harbour, Rethymnon.

.

Sougia.

Sougia and Lissos, Crete, Greece, 17th October 2018.
Temporary Post. Brief image descriptions and no commentary.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel

Sougia.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel

Sougia Harbour.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel

Miniature roadside chapel.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel

Small gorge on the way to Lissos.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel .

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel .

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel

Old chapel, Lissos (Following images also Lissos),

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel

Roman necropolis.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel

Ruined house.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel

Mosaic, Aesculap Roman Temple.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel

Ancient olive tree.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel .

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel .

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel

Agios Kyriakos Chapel.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel

Inside the chapel.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel

Captain George to the rescue (summoned by mobile phone).

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel

Sougia.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel

Tree on cliff, from the launch.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel

Roman tomb behind Sougia.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel .

.

Matala to Sougia.

Matala to Sougia, Crete, Greece, 15th to 16th October 2018.
Temporary Post. Brief image descriptions and no commentary.

.

These images are from a long drive from Matala to Sougia, five or six hours, via the Amari Valley, Loutro and Frangokastello.  Matala and Sougia are both on the south coast, but you have to drive to the north coast to go from one to the other.

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Miniature roadside chapel.

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel

A real one.

This and following images are in the Amari Valley.

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Amari Valley villages.

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel .

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel

A church at a village where we stopped for petrol.

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel

There were some churches in improbable positions on the top of distant hills,

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel

This one is probably the ruins of a Venetian castle.  It has cannon ports.

This is not to be confused with Canon parts, which may be strewn around the base of the castle by photographers foolish enough to try to climb it.

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel .

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Over the door of a locked church in a village.

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Kotsifou Canyon.

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Loutro.

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Abandoned houses, Loutro.

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Loutro.

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Ruins of Venetian fortress, Loutro.

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Frangokastello (Venetian castle), and next two images.

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel .

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel .

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Ruin seen from the road north of Loutro.

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel

View in the other direction at the same place.

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Vryses, I think.

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Sunset approaching on the road to Sougia.

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel .

.

Amari Valley, Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Frangokastello, Greece, History, Landscape, Loutro, Photography, Street photography, Travel

Cemetery by a chapel perched on the side of a cliff near Epanochori.

.

Matala, Phaestos and Gortys.

Matala, Phaestos and Gortys, Crete, Greece, 15th to 16th October 2018.
Temporary Post. Brief image descriptions and no commentary.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel

Night at Matala, with cliff illuminated.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel

Matala Cave dwellings.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel

Saint Titus Basilica in Gortys, from Gortys Fort.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel

Gortys Fort (and next two images).

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel .

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel .

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel

Saint Titus Basilica, Gortys (Hellenistic and Roman city).

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel

The Odeon, Gortys.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel

Law Code, Gortys.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel

An ancient olive tree, maybe 2,000 years old, Gortys.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel

Aghias Georgios Phalandras, Venetian church (16th century), near Phaestos.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel

Phaestos (ancient Minoan city) (and following images).

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel

Storage jar.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel

Road.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel

Road, and the circular structure is probably a grannary.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel

View of surrounding countryside from Phaestos.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel

Part of North East Complex, Phaestos.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel

Part of New Palace, Phaestos.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel

Enigmatic ship, Kali Limenes.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel

Mountain village near Kali Limenes.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Gortys, Greece, History, Landscape, Matala, Phaestos, Photography, Travel

Miniature roadside chapel.

.

Zakros and Eastern Crete.

Zakros and Eastern Crete, Greece, 14th to 16th October 2018.
Temporary Post. Brief image descriptions and no commentary.

.
Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Zakros

 Windmills of Lasithi Plateau.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Zakros

Agias Foteinis, Pahia Ammos.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Zakros

Small launch near Psira.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Zakros

Rousolakos Minoan Site.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Zakros

Ancient Roussolakis road.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Zakros

Ancient house, Roussolakis.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Zakros

Small church between Palékastro and Zákros.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Zakros

Garden of a house in Zakros Village.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Zakros

Zakros Minoan Site.

Chair or throne?

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Zakros

Ceremonial basin and remains of a mural.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Zakros

Road.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Zakros

Has to be a couch.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Zakros

Overview of Zakros Minoan Site.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Zakros

Zakros Minoan Site.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Zakros

Zakros Beach.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Zakros

Nisida Kefali and Nisida Kevallos, Kavalli Islands.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Zakros

Amátos.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Zakros

Ierápetra.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Photography, Street photography, Travel, Zakros

Miniature roadside chapel.

.

Heraklion and Knossos.

Heraklion and Knossos, Crete, Greece, 12th to 13th October 2018.
Temporary Post. Brief image descriptions and no commentary.

.

I’ve been back but I’m continuing the temporary posts.  What that means is that I’m just processing in Lightroom and ignoring images that I bracketed for exposure or for focus stacking.  There are quite a few of those.  In due course I’ll include those images and others in final posts with details on the subject matter, including history and archaeology.  That may take a while because I expect I’ll finish off final posts for Cuba and the Caribbean (2016) first.

.
Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

Venetian fort in Heraklion, from our hotel room.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

Old building in need of roof repair, also from our hotel room, Heraklion.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

Knossos (and following images).

West Porch, I think.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

Recreated murals in South House.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

Original fragment of mural with some recreated surrounds.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

Throne room.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

Minoan Bull mural.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

Storage jars.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

“The Royal Road”.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

Heraklion Archaeological Museum ( and following images).

Monochrome Pithoi, Phaestos, 1600-1450BC.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

Decoration on a jar, Knossos, 1800-1700BC.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

Octopus jar.  The most famous jar decoration of them all, Knossos, 1500BC.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

Bull-leaping fresco, original and restoration, Knossos, 1450BC.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

Gold axe, Arkalochori Cave, 1700-1450BC.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

The Harvester Vase, Hagia Triada, 1450BC.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

The Snake Goddess, Knossos, 1650-1550 BC.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

Funeral urn, Knossos or Eastern Crete, 1700-1450 BC.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

Coffin, Tylissos, Panokklisia, 1370-1300 BC.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

Conversing lovers, detail of vase decoration, Arkades-Afrafi, Archaic period, 7th century BC.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

Heraklion Harbour.

Shells for sale by fisherman.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

Fishing boats.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

Fishing net on the wharf.

.

Archaeology, Architecture, Art, Crete, Greece, Heraklion, History, Landscape, Live Music, Photography, Sculpture, Street photography, Travel

Nighttime concert.

.

Uzbekistan, Crete, Spain and Oregon Itinerary

26 September to 11 November 2018.
.

Andalusia, Athens, Barcelona, Crete, Greece, Istanbul, Oregon, Photography, Spain, Thira, Travel, USA, Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan Crete Spain and Oregon Itinerary, Washington

My partner Jools and I are about to embark on a trip to Uzbekistan, Greece, Spain and north-west USA.  In due course I will post for each part of the journey under the maps below.  I may produce some temporary posts as I go but only if I have sufficient time.  Final posts will appear later (and I still have to finish final posts for Cuba and the Caribbean).

Links for summary posts and then final posts will appear under the maps in due course.

.

Andalusia, Athens, Barcelona, Crete, Greece, Istanbul, Oregon, Photography, Spain, Thira, Travel, USA, Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan Crete Spain and Oregon Itinerary, Washington

Uzbekistan

(Tashkent/ (Urgench)/ Khiva/ Bukhara/ Shakrisabz/ Samarkand/ Tashkent)

A country with a long history and the centre of Timur’s (Tamurlane’s) empire in the 14th century.

.

Andalusia, Athens, Barcelona, Crete, Greece, Istanbul, Oregon, Photography, Spain, Thira, Travel, USA, Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan Crete Spain and Oregon Itinerary, Washington

Aegean Sea.

(Istanbul/ Athens/ Thira/ Crete)

Istanbul: Hagia Sophia, Blue Mosque, Basilica Cistern

Athens:  Acropolis, National Archæological Museum

Thira: Oia, Akrotiri, Ancient Thira

Andalusia, Athens, Barcelona, Crete, Greece, Istanbul, Oregon, Photography, Spain, Thira, Travel, USA, Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan Crete Spain and Oregon Itinerary, Washington

Crete

(Heraklion/ Knossos/ Zakros/ Matalia/ Phaestos and Gortys/ Sougia/ Chania/ (Heraklion))

Home of the Minoan Civilisation and many layers of subsequent History.

Temporary Posts:

.

Andalusia, Athens, Barcelona, Crete, Greece, Istanbul, Oregon, Photography, Spain, Thira, Travel, USA, Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan Crete Spain and Oregon Itinerary, Washington

Spain

((Granada)/ Cordoba/ Malaga/ Almeira/ Cabo del Gata/ Granada)

Incudes Mezquita and Alhambra.

Temporary Posts:

Also Barcelona, not shown on map of Andalusia above.

Sagrada Familiar, Gaudi Houses.

Temporary Posts:

.

.

Andalusia, Athens, Barcelona, Crete, Greece, Istanbul, Oregon, Photography, Spain, Thira, Travel, USA, Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan Crete Spain and Oregon Itinerary, Washington

Olympic National Park, Washington.

((Portland)/ Quinault Rain Forest/ Hoh Rain Forest/ La Push/ (Portland)).

Rainforest, coastal seascapes, maybe wildlife.

Temporary Posts:

.

Andalusia, Athens, Barcelona, Crete, Greece, Istanbul, Oregon, Photography, Spain, Thira, Travel, USA, Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan Crete Spain and Oregon Itinerary, Washington

Oregon Coast.

((Portland)/ Cannon Beach/ Bandon/ Trinidad/ (San Francisco)).

A wild coastline where development has been banned since the 1960s.

Temporary Post:

.