Lissos

Lissos, Crete, Greece, 17 October 2018.

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(Click on any image to see it in a larger size, if you are on a PC or tablet at least.)

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Archaeology, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Travel

Panagia Chapel.

The last image in the last post showed the coastline of Lissos Valley, with this chapel just visible  near the sea.  This image is from the route in, and taken from at same position as that previous image, but with a long telephoto instead of a wide angle lens.

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Roman tombs in the necropolis on the far side of the hill.

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An ancient ruined house, probably from the Roman period.

Lissos was a Minoan, Greek, Roman and Byzantine city until it was destroyed by Arabs who invaded from Spain in the 820s and occupied Crete until they were driven out by the Byzantines in 961.  It was one of the two ports of the Dorian city of Elyros (further inland) along with Syia (the ancient name for Sougia).  It was the only city on this part of the South Coast to issue its own coinage.

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Temple of Asklepios.

This image and the next three is at the Temple of Asklepios, built in the 2nd or 3rd century BC.  Dedicated to the God of Medicine, people came here in ancient times to partake of the healing properties of its springs.  It was destroyed by an earthquake which covered it with rocks from the cliffs above and also partly preserved it.  When it was excavated in the 1950s many statues were recovered and marbke floors revealed.

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Archaeology, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Travel .

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Archaeology, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Travel .

.Archaeology, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Travel

The Church of Agios Kyrikos.

This is a 14th century church, not the same as the one near the coast we saw earlier.  (And Agios Kyrikos is not to be confused with Nicholas Kyrgios, not the same at all).

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The view inside.

It looks as though I missed an opportunity to examine the paintings on the left hand wall, which probably come from the original church in the 6th century AD.  However, I suspect access may have been restricted to the back of the church.

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Ruined house nearby.

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There are quite a few fragments of ruined houses, many from the Roman era.

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Stone circle of unknown provenance (unknown to me at any rate).

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There is also much that is yet to be excavated.

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.Archaeology, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Travel

Unsurprisingly, there are many ancient olive trees.

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. Archaeology, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Travel .

. Archaeology, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Travel .

. Archaeology, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Travel

The patterns of the bark can be compelling….

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. Archaeology, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Travel .

. Archaeology, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Travel .

. Archaeology, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Travel .

. Archaeology, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Travel

On the western side of the valley there is an extensive Roman Necropolis with many small chambers (now empty).

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. Archaeology, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Travel .

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. Archaeology, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Travel .

. Archaeology, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Travel .

. Archaeology, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Travel .

. Archaeology, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Travel

Panagia Chapel.

Here we are now at Panagia Chapel, that we saw on the first image of this post and the last image of the previous one.  It is also a 14th century chapel  but incorporates some ancient Greek marble.

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The view inside.

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Ruined buildings near the chapel.

The holes may be for beams of the floor, cast out of alignment by an earthquake.

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. Archaeology, Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Travel

An ancient olive tree, now barely surviving.

In the next post we return to Sougia and also check out the archaeological site of Syia.

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Sougia to Lissos

Sougia to Lissos, Crete, Greece, 17 October 2018.

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(Click on any image to see it in a larger size, if you are on a PC or tablet at least.)

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This post covers a walk from the village of Sougia, on the south west coast of Crete, to the site of the ancient Roman town of Lissos in a neighbouring valley, taking about 90 minutes.

There’s been a gap in posts while I have been in Far North Queensland.  I will finish posting on Crete with seven to nine posts on Western Crete, plus a few mono posts of Crete.  There will also be a live music post in the middle of those.  The rest of that trip (to Andalusia, Barcelona, Oregon and Washington) will then have to wait while I cover the trip to Far North Queensland.  

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Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel

This is from the western end of the beach at Sougia.  If you click for a larger image, you will be able to see the umbrellas at the far end of the beach.

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There is also a World War II gun emplacement and a rusted anchor.

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A small church set back from the beach.

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The tiny harbour of Sougia.  There must have been a harbour here for thousands of years.

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Another miniature roadside shrine.  This one has a photograph of the person it is dedicated to.  In view of the location he was likely lost at sea.

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We have now started on the walk to Lissos.

Here is an abridged description of the walk from the site sougia.info:

“The walk starts at the harbour of Sougia. Whilst passing there, note the ancient water line which is clearly visible in the cliff, about 7 meters above the present sea level. This sudden elevation happened about 1500 years ago in western Crete.”  (Note: you can see that waterline behind the harbour in the earlier image.)

“At the entrance of the small gorge, a fence must be opened (& closed afterwards) and after clambering over a smooth rock you get on the path leading to Lissos.  After following the path in the shade of pine trees for about half an hour you will pass an impressive smooth cliff overhanging the trail. Ten minutes later the path veers off to the left and starts climbing up the hill. The good path up the hills then leads through old pine trees to a treeless plateau with good views all around. After ten more minutes walking straight towards the West you arrive at a steep drop with beautiful views of Lissos. Lissos is like a bowl of vegetation fields and terraces leading to the sea.”

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Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel

Some of the trees grow in unlikely places.

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(Most of the images in this post require no description).

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. Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel .

. Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel

This is not a wild goat.  He has a collar.

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. Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel .

. Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel .

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. Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel .

. Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel .

. Crete, Greece, History, Landscape, Lissos, Nature, Photography, Sougia, Street photography, Travel

We are now overlooking the mouth of the valley where Lissos is.  Perhaps you may need to click on the image for a larger view but Panagaia Chapel is in the middle near the sea and a small boat is behind it, offering a passenger service.  We discover we may not need to walk back.  The chapel is made using materials recycled from the ancient Roman town and has several carved marble blocks in its walls.

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