Kahanu Gardens and Pi’ilanihale Heiau (IR)

Maui, Hawaii, 7 March 2015

Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Infrared, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

View from bedroom balcony, looking towards North Maui.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Infrared, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Overgrown trees beside the road.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Infrared, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Overgrown trees beside the road.

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Following images are all from Kahanu Gardens.  On the next few images we have a series of some of the plants cultivated in the garden and shot in infrared. You might think it’s bizarre to display plant identification shots in infrared but the only reason you might think that is because it is. Apart from that, no other reason at all.

If you find these plants instantly identifiable, resplendent in their natural colours, then you may have a problem. Either you’ve been eating bread contaminated with ergot and are hallucinating or some of your ancestors were snakes. Many or all snakes see in the infrared zone as a way of identifying prey. So perhaps these images may bring out your inner serpentes. And then if you know people who you suspect may be snakes you could always just ask them “Do you see things that glow in the dark?”. Particularly if you live in a country area away from street signs.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Infrared, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Kalo.

Here we have Kalo, called taro in most of the rest of Polynesia. It was such an important staple that Hawaiians were said by legend to be descended from the kalo plant. This is a particularly good photograph of a kalo sign, not so much the plants which are mainly out of focus. So this image may help you to recognise another Kalo sign should you stumble across one. Of course you could always just read it, but maybe that would be cheating.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Infrared, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Uala, a staple crop favoured in historic times, easy to grow even in dry locations.  (Mind you, if you clicked on the image you could read that too).

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Infrared, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

I think that’s Ki in the left foreground.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Infrared, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

The tree in the left foreground is Noni.

Noni is one of the most widely used medicinal plants in Polynesia.  Its fruits are said to have a pungent odour like limberger cheese when overripe.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Infrared, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Ki.

Ki leaves are mainly used in the preparation, transportation and storage of food.  However, they have many other uses including thatching, lei-making and rain capes.  Ki is also said to have supernatural powers for protection and success.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Infrared, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Ki in front of the heiau.  There’s a label for the palm tree in front but I cant read it. The ones on top are cocnut trees.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Infrared, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Pi’ilanihale Heiau.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Infrared, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Pi’ilanihale Heiau.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Infrared, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Hale Ho’okipa (“Welcome House”).

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Infrared, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Canoe House.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Infrared, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Canoe House.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Infrared, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Canoe House from inside pandanus tree.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Infrared, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Pandanus leaves.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Infrared, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Sea coast glimpse.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Infrared, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

A view of the Red Sea (from Kalahu Point).  Moses wasn’t around at the time (and no Thera eruption) so you can’t see the sea floor.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Infrared, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Kahanu House.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Infrared, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Kahanu Tombs.

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Kahanu Gardens and Pi’ilanihale Heiau

Maui, Hawaii, 7 March 2015

Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

This post is a novelty we haven’t seen for a while, not for ten posts back in fact.  It doesn’t contain any infrared images.  I understand there are some posts in other blogs like this too.

We took off along the south west road, past all the places we went to the previous day, towards Kahanu Gardens.  The first image is at the side of the road not long after we took off, a particularly overgrown patch of forest that caught my eye.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Past Hana, we have arrived at Kahanu Gardens and the huge expanse of grey stone in the background is Pi’ilanihale Heiau.  In early times. Maui comprosed three chiefdoms, at Wailuku, Lele (Lahaina), and Hana.  By 1550, Ali’i Nui (High Chief) Pi’ilani, based at Wailuku, ruled both Wailuku and Lele.  Then he acquired Hana by marriage to become ruler over all of Maui. Pi’ilanihale Heiau is named after him, Pi’ilanihale meaning “house of Pi’ilani “.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

It is the largest heiau in the Hawaiian Island and we can get a better idea of the size of it from an aerial view taken from an information board.  It is said to be 15 metres high (50 feet) and 130 by 100 metres (415×340 feet) at the top.  The whole area is kapu so you can’t climb on it or get very close to it.

It was constructed mainly in the 16th century, on top of a smaller earlier structure from the 12th century.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

A small place to rest built in traditional style but I doubt it represents a type of original structure.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Stands of ki in front of the heiau.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

The edge of the grass is where the kapu area starts.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

A grinding stone or hoana, probably used to sharpen and polish adze blades.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

A glimpse of the coast.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Evidently a mortar and pestle.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Canoe house.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Canoe house.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Mary Wishard Coconut Grove.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Looking out at the Canoe house from inside, I think, a Pandanus tree.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

At the bottom of the gardens was an old house, no longer inhabited.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Much of the gardens were a sugar cane plantation from the mid-nineteenth century.  The gardens were established in 1974 after gifts from descendents of Ali’i Kahanu and the Hana Ranch.  There are some family graves at the back of the house from the Kahanu family that speak of a sad untold story:

  • Anekehawa Kahanu 1917-1922
  • Kaapana Kahanu 1878-1919
  • Ulunanele Kahanu 1909-1913

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Sea view.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Seaside plants.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Canoe house and heiau.

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Archaeology, Hawaii, Heiaus, History, Kahanu Gardens, Landscape, Maui, Photography, Pi'ilanihale Heiau, seascape, Travel

Pi’ilanihale Heiau and background hills.

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