Taxi! Taxi!

Maui, Hawaii, 6 March 2015

Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Kaupo Store, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Monochrome, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel

How is it that you can never find a taxi when you need one? Either that or it isn’t taking passengers or the taxi is sitting there and the driver is nowhere to be seen….

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Kaupo Store, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Monochrome, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel .

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Kaupo Store, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Monochrome, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel .

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Kaupo Store, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Monochrome, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel .

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Kaupo Store, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Monochrome, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel

Clearly, the taxi is for hire.

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Kaupo Store, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Monochrome, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel

But the driver is nowhere to be found.

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Kaupo Store, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Monochrome, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel Perhaps if we sit in the taxi and wait for a while….

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Kaupo Store, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Monochrome, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel .

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Kaupo Store, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Monochrome, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel .

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Kaupo Store, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Monochrome, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel .

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Kaupo Store, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Monochrome, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel .

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Kaupo Store, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Monochrome, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel

But still no sign of the taxi driver so time to remove the luggage from the luggage tray and leave….

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Maui – South Coast

Maui, Hawaii, 6 March 2015

Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel

Having headed north in Maui the previous day, we headed south, along the coast from the west.  This is a viewpoint we came to near the side of the road, with the island of Kahoolawe in the background and a volcanic vent in the foreground.  There is very little population or agriculture in this part of the island, due to its relatively recent coverage by lava.

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel

A similar view from the same location, in infrared.

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel

A half an hour further on, we came to a viewpoint at the top of a cliff, possible Nu’u Bay, I’m not sure.  At the bottom of the cliff there appeared to be a second hand car dealer’s yard.  Well, at least I presume they are second hand.  If they are new then it would appear the yard is a bit too close to the sea.  Good tyres, though.  In buying a second-hand car it’s always important to look for good tyres. (There may be other criteria, I forget for now).

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel

There is a remarkable sculptural quality to the panelling.  I’m not sure whether you pay extra for that.

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel

This vehicle, with very fetching upholstery, comes with a spare fuel container in the boot, which is conveniently left open so you can see that.

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel

This car is beside what appears to be a small heiau.  A sacrifice to Motuka, the god of stray vehicles, perhaps?

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel

As you can see, the sea is not far away at all.  We already had a rental car so I didn’t need to go down to the bottom of the cliff to investigate purchasing another vehicle.  Besides, the driveway seemed a little rough and I wasn’t sure how easy it would be to drive one out of there.

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel

A little later, we came to St Joseph’s church at Puka’auhuhu.  I didn’t photograph the church itself, but this is the vicarage, or whatever alternative word may be appropriate to describe the residence of a priest.

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel

At the back of the church was this cemetery.

We also met Dave Wyman from California, on holiday with his family.  This is his photographic website.

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel

Not much further on was the great metropolis of Kaupo, with a store and a couple of houses.  Here we have a Mustang driving past.

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel

… and one of the houses.  Even as late as the turn of the twentieth century, there was a thriving community here, but very few now.  Walkers from the top of Haleakala may come out here, after walking though the Haleakala Valley and through the Kaupo Gap.

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel

This is the Kaupo Store, built in 1925.

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel

Inside it’s like stepping back in time in more ways than one.  This is part of the museum of Nick Soon, the original owner of the store and a photographer by trade.  Nick died in 1970 and the current owner took over then.

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel

Further again along the road, this is Hui Aloha Church at Mokulau.

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel

It was built in 1859, when there was a more significant population in the area, and has recently been restored.

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Hawaii, Hui Aloha Church, Infrared, Kaupo, Landscape, Maui, Mokulau, Photography, Puka'auhuhu, seascape, Travel .

Maui – North Coast

Maui, Hawaii, 4 to 5 March 2015

Hawaii, Iao Valley, Infrared, Kauai, La Perouse Bay, Landscape, Molokai, Nature, Photography, seascape, Travel

In the early afternoon of the 4th, we flew from Kauai direct to Maui.  I was wondering where in Maui this view from the plane was until I realised it is a view of Molokai, a nearby island, as we flew past.

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Hawaii, Iao Valley, Infrared, Kauai, La Perouse Bay, Landscape, Molokai, Nature, Photography, seascape, Travel

This on the other hand is definitely Maui.  A line of wind generators on the northern volcano.

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Hawaii, Iao Valley, Infrared, Kauai, La Perouse Bay, Landscape, Molokai, Nature, Photography, seascape, Travel .

The next day, we went on a journey around the northern part of the island.  Apart from a stop for lunch, our first stop was the ‘Iao Valley, where after a fierce battle in the 1790s, the river was said to be blocked with bodies and to run red with blood.

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Hawaii, Iao Valley, Infrared, Kauai, La Perouse Bay, Landscape, Molokai, Nature, Photography, seascape, Travel

When we were there though, it was a normal day and the river was a normal colour.

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Hawaii, Iao Valley, Infrared, Kauai, La Perouse Bay, Landscape, Molokai, Nature, Photography, seascape, Travel

This is an area demonstrating traditional cultivated trees and planting of food crops.

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Hawaii, Iao Valley, Infrared, Kauai, La Perouse Bay, Landscape, Molokai, Nature, Photography, seascape, Travel

The peak on the left is known as the ‘Iao Needle.

In 1790, Kamahameha landed at nearby Kahului Bay with a fleet of canoes and twelve hundred warriors.  The Ali’i nui (paramount chief) of Maui, Kahekili II, was at Oahu, which he had conquered in 1783, so Kamehameha met Kahekili’s son, Kalanikupule.  The armies were evenly matched and the women and children watched the contest of men, wooden spears and muskets from the side of the valley.  The battle continued for two days without a resolution.  On the third day it was decided in Kamehameha’s favour by two cannons operated by John Young and Isaac Davis.  Most of the Maui nobility escaped but the carnage was so severe it was said the river was blocked with bodies and ran red.  Consequently, the battle was known as Kepaniwai or “the damning of the waters”.

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Hawaii, Iao Valley, Infrared, Kauai, La Perouse Bay, Landscape, Molokai, Nature, Photography, seascape, Travel

The battle didn’t win Kamehameha control of Maui, however.  He went back to Hawaii and needed a couple of further battles to extend his rule over that whole island.  In 1794,  Kahekili died and there was a civil war for the Maui domains which Kalanikupule won.  In 1795, Kamehameha invaded Oahu and attacked Kalanikupule’s army.  Kamehameha was much better provisioned with musket and cannon and pushed Kalanikupule’s forces back until they were trapped atop a cliff.  800 warriors went over the edge and died.

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Hawaii, Iao Valley, Infrared, Kauai, La Perouse Bay, Landscape, Molokai, Nature, Photography, seascape, Travel

We didn’t stay very long at the ‘Iao Valley because it was raining.  We continued on along the eastern side of the north coast.  Maui is essentially two huge volcanoes connected by an isthmus.  You can see the southern part of Maui in the distance.

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Hawaii, Iao Valley, Infrared, Kauai, La Perouse Bay, Landscape, Molokai, Nature, Photography, seascape, Travel

Below the vantage point of the earlier image was a natural arch.  If you look closely (or click on the image to see it at a larger size) you can see the remains of a structure on the rock.  There is a wooden frame, remains of some fabric and a couple of rusted metal chairs.  Much too exposed for a camping place, it must have been a makeshift fishing shelter.

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Hawaii, Iao Valley, Infrared, Kauai, La Perouse Bay, Landscape, Molokai, Nature, Photography, seascape, Travel

I had not realised that I was driving on the notorious Kahekili Highway, often a narrow one-lane road with blind corners and a drop off over the cliff to the sea.  I was intrigued by the sign that popped out from this school bus, ensuring traffic from both directions must stop while passengers alight.  I encountered this bus at different times travelling in both directions, but fortunately not in a difficult section of the road.

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Hawaii, Iao Valley, Infrared, Kauai, La Perouse Bay, Landscape, Molokai, Nature, Photography, seascape, Travel

In this image, I believe the land in the distance is the island of Molokai.

At one point I drove up to behind a white van on a narrow, one-lane stretch of road.  Two wheels of the van were off the road on the cliff side.  It had evidently tried to pull over where the road was too narrow and where someone had to back.  Two jeeps were managing to just squeeze past so I had to back up.  I got Jools out of the car to direct me and slowly managed to get back to a corner with space for passing.  After the jeeps had gone through I kept on going and managed to squeeze through past the van.

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Hawaii, Iao Valley, Infrared, Kauai, La Perouse Bay, Landscape, Molokai, Nature, Photography, seascape, Travel

This truck was parked beside the road but there was no sign indicating it was for sale.  Visibility while driving it may not have been too good anyway.

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Hawaii, Iao Valley, Infrared, Kauai, La Perouse Bay, Landscape, Molokai, Nature, Photography, seascape, Travel

Just past the truck was a bridge over a creek where I took this shot looking upstream.

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Hawaii, Iao Valley, Infrared, Kauai, La Perouse Bay, Landscape, Molokai, Nature, Photography, seascape, Travel

Suddenly the weather changed and everything looked different.  This is looking downstream.

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Hawaii, Iao Valley, Infrared, Kauai, La Perouse Bay, Landscape, Molokai, Nature, Photography, seascape, Travel

And then, just a few seconds later according to camera date-times, the weather changed again and everything was as it had been.

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Hawaii, Iao Valley, Infrared, Kauai, La Perouse Bay, Landscape, Molokai, Nature, Photography, seascape, Travel

This is somewhere on the northern coast of Maui.

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Hawaii, Iao Valley, Infrared, Kauai, La Perouse Bay, Landscape, Molokai, Nature, Photography, seascape, Travel

I think the land in the distance here is the island of Kahoolawe.  Kahoolawe had been settled in historic times but by the end of the eighteenth century it was abandoned, due to war and shortage of water there.  When Kamehameha III abolished the death penalty in 1830 and replaced it with exile, Kahoolawe became a penal colony.  However, it was a savage place to try to survive and it was abandoned as a penal colony in 1853.  It is currently a nature reserve and efforts are underway to rescue it from environmental degradation.

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Hawaii, Iao Valley, Infrared, Kauai, La Perouse Bay, Landscape, Molokai, Nature, Photography, seascape, Travel

A different view from a similar position.

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Hawaii, Iao Valley, Infrared, Kauai, La Perouse Bay, Landscape, Molokai, Nature, Photography, seascape, Travel

We are now in the southern part of the western coast of Maui.  That is the southern part of Maui and Maount Haleakala you can see in the distance.

I found much of the western coast of Maui disappointing, being infested with resort hotels and condominiums.  Even what once would have been the charming town of Lahaina appeared to me in large part an over-populated tourist trap.  Fortunately not all of Maui is like this.

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Hawaii, Iao Valley, Infrared, Kauai, La Perouse Bay, Landscape, Molokai, Nature, Photography, seascape, Travel

We drove down the coast to La Perouse Bay for the sunset.  La Perouse visited and mapped the bay in 1786 and had fond memories of the warm welcome he received from the local people.  When he visited again a few years later, there was no-one living there.  There had been a volcanic eruption and lava flows had eradicated all signs of settlement.  These days, this is the end of the road.  The road goes on a little way past the over-settled zone but it’s a lava landscape and too rough for roads to go far.

(Trivea note:  One mile of images and 200,000 words.  There are now 5,444 images in this blog.  If I printed them all at A4 and laid them end to end, they would be one mile long or 1.62 kilometres.  There are also now more than 200,000 words in the blog.  The 200,000th word was cliff, in red and bold just under the image of the bus further up in this post.  A while ago I read a biography of Joanna of Naples and decided that book averaged 456 words per page.  At that rate, the words in this blog are equivalent to a 440 page book.

Therefore, if this is the first post you have encountered in this blog and you would like to see all the images and read all the commentary, it may take you some time….)

Kauai Monochromes 2 of 2

Kauai, Hawaii, 27 February to 2 March 2015

Black and White, Hanalei Bay, Hawaii, Helicopter, Kauai, Landscape, Monochrome, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Wailua Falls

Na Pali Coast.

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Black and White, Hanalei Bay, Hawaii, Helicopter, Kauai, Landscape, Monochrome, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Wailua Falls

Na Pali Coast.

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Black and White, Hanalei Bay, Hawaii, Helicopter, Kauai, Landscape, Monochrome, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Wailua Falls

Na Pali Coast.

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Black and White, Hanalei Bay, Hawaii, Helicopter, Kauai, Landscape, Monochrome, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Wailua Falls

Na Pali Coast.

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Black and White, Hanalei Bay, Hawaii, Helicopter, Kauai, Landscape, Monochrome, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Wailua Falls

Na Pali Coast.

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Black and White, Hanalei Bay, Hawaii, Helicopter, Kauai, Landscape, Monochrome, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Wailua Falls

Na Pali Coast.

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Black and White, Hanalei Bay, Hawaii, Helicopter, Kauai, Landscape, Monochrome, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Wailua Falls

Na Pali Coast.

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Black and White, Hanalei Bay, Hawaii, Helicopter, Kauai, Landscape, Monochrome, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Wailua Falls

Na Pali Coast.

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Black and White, Hanalei Bay, Hawaii, Helicopter, Kauai, Landscape, Monochrome, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Wailua Falls

Na Pali Coast.

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Black and White, Hanalei Bay, Hawaii, Helicopter, Kauai, Landscape, Monochrome, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Wailua Falls

Na Pali Coast.

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Black and White, Hanalei Bay, Hawaii, Helicopter, Kauai, Landscape, Monochrome, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Wailua Falls

Na Pali Coast.

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Black and White, Hanalei Bay, Hawaii, Helicopter, Kauai, Landscape, Monochrome, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Wailua Falls

Ke’e Beach and coastline.

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Black and White, Hanalei Bay, Hawaii, Helicopter, Kauai, Landscape, Monochrome, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Wailua Falls

Hanalei Bay.

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Black and White, Hanalei Bay, Hawaii, Helicopter, Kauai, Landscape, Monochrome, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Wailua Falls

Waterfalls, Mount Wai’ale’ale.

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Black and White, Hanalei Bay, Hawaii, Helicopter, Kauai, Landscape, Monochrome, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Wailua Falls

Waterfalls, Mount Wai’ale’ale.

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Black and White, Hanalei Bay, Hawaii, Helicopter, Kauai, Landscape, Monochrome, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Wailua Falls

Waterfalls, Mount Wai’ale’ale.

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Black and White, Hanalei Bay, Hawaii, Helicopter, Kauai, Landscape, Monochrome, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Wailua Falls

Forest, central east.

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Black and White, Hanalei Bay, Hawaii, Helicopter, Kauai, Landscape, Monochrome, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Wailua Falls

Farmland, central east.

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Black and White, Hanalei Bay, Hawaii, Helicopter, Kauai, Landscape, Monochrome, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Wailua Falls

Wailua Falls.

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(Some of these monochromes are converted from infrared).

Kauai Monochromes 1 of 2

Kauai, Hawaii, 27 February to 2 March 2015

This is the first of two posts showing monochrome conversions from Kauai.  Each of these images appeared in previous posts in colour.

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Black and White, Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Ke'e Beach, Landscape, Maha'ulepu Heritage Trail, Monochrome, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Ke’e Beach.

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Black and White, Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Ke'e Beach, Landscape, Maha'ulepu Heritage Trail, Monochrome, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Ke’e Beach.

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Black and White, Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Ke'e Beach, Landscape, Maha'ulepu Heritage Trail, Monochrome, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Ke’e Beach.

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Black and White, Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Ke'e Beach, Landscape, Maha'ulepu Heritage Trail, Monochrome, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Na Pali Coast.

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Black and White, Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Ke'e Beach, Landscape, Maha'ulepu Heritage Trail, Monochrome, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Cave near Ke’e Beach.

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Black and White, Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Ke'e Beach, Landscape, Maha'ulepu Heritage Trail, Monochrome, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Ginger.

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Black and White, Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Ke'e Beach, Landscape, Maha'ulepu Heritage Trail, Monochrome, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Above Kalalau Valley.

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Black and White, Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Ke'e Beach, Landscape, Maha'ulepu Heritage Trail, Monochrome, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Waimea Canyon.

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Black and White, Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Ke'e Beach, Landscape, Maha'ulepu Heritage Trail, Monochrome, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Maha’ulepu Heritage Trail.

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Black and White, Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Ke'e Beach, Landscape, Maha'ulepu Heritage Trail, Monochrome, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Maha’ulepu Beach.

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Black and White, Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Ke'e Beach, Landscape, Maha'ulepu Heritage Trail, Monochrome, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Farming area near south coast.

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Black and White, Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Ke'e Beach, Landscape, Maha'ulepu Heritage Trail, Monochrome, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Waterfall near south coast.

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Black and White, Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Ke'e Beach, Landscape, Maha'ulepu Heritage Trail, Monochrome, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Waterfalls near south coast.

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Black and White, Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Ke'e Beach, Landscape, Maha'ulepu Heritage Trail, Monochrome, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Waimea Valley.

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Black and White, Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Ke'e Beach, Landscape, Maha'ulepu Heritage Trail, Monochrome, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Waimea Canyon.

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Black and White, Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Ke'e Beach, Landscape, Maha'ulepu Heritage Trail, Monochrome, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Waimea Canyon.

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Black and White, Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Ke'e Beach, Landscape, Maha'ulepu Heritage Trail, Monochrome, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Waterfall visible at Waimea Canyon Lookout.

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(Some of these monochromes are converted from infrared).

 

Fort Elizabeth (IR)

Kauai, Hawaii, 2 March 2015

Hawaii, Infrared, Kauai, Landscape, Photography, Port Elizabeth, seascape, Travel, Waimea

Here we are in the remains of the largest Russian fort in Kauai.  Russian fort you say?  Yes, there’s an interesting story behind that.

Kauai had been supplying food to Russian ships in exchange for pelts from about 1806.  In 1815 a Russian ship the Behring went aground in Waimea Bay and King Kaumuali‘i salvaged the cargo of seal pelts.  The Russians then sent the German Georg Anton Schaffer to retrieve the pelts or obtain compensation.  He first went to visit Kamehameha in Hawaii and Oahu for assistance but fell out of favour and instead went to Kauai.  Then he saw an opportunity.

Kaumuali‘i had ceded Kauai to Kamehameha in 1810 to avoid a war he could not win. When Schaeffer arrived, Kaumuali’i accepted a Russian protectorate and Schaeffer persuaded him that with Russian assistance he could shake off Kamehameha and establish an empire over Oahu, Maui, Molokai and Lanai. Schaeffer and the Russians would get rights to the valuable sandalwood growing on Oahu and quite a bit of land including half of Oahu.

As a prelude to military operations, Schaeffer built three forts in Kauai including Fort Elizabeth, the largest one, at the mouth of the Waimea River.  The bubble burst in 1816 when the fort was almost completed.  Russian Lieutenant Otto von Kotzebue arrived, disowned Schaeffer and informed Kamehameha that Schaeffer did not have Russian support.  Commercial advantage was one thing but having only recently ejected Napoleon, Russia did not want to start a war in the Pacific with England and France.

In 1817, American settlers persuaded Kaumuali‘i that Russia and the US were at war and that he was risking more than he realised.  (There was of course no war).  Consequently, Kaumuali‘i  ejected Schaeffer and he fled the Hawaiian Islands.

Kaumuali‘i died in 1824 and the fort saw action a few months later when his son staged an unsuccessful rebellion against Kamehameha III.  It was abandoned in 1853 and decommissioned in 1864.  In 1862, the fort contained 60 flintlock muskets, 16 swords, 38 cannon, 6 “heavy guns” and 24 “little guns”.   Now there is only the base of the fort remaining.  It is of an impressive size, though.  It is an irregular shape about 90 metres by 140 (300 feet by 450) and was originally 6 metres high (20 feet).

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Hawaii, Infrared, Kauai, Landscape, Photography, Port Elizabeth, seascape, Travel, Waimea

A view from the walls of the fort, looking towards Waimea Bay.

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Hawaii, Infrared, Kauai, Landscape, Photography, Port Elizabeth, seascape, Travel, Waimea

The mouth of the Waimea River, from near the fort.

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Hawaii, Infrared, Kauai, Landscape, Photography, Port Elizabeth, seascape, Travel, Waimea

You can see the distant offshore island, Ni’ihau more clearly in the infrared image, at the horizon on the left.  This was purchased by Elizabeth Sinclair in 1864 and passed down to her Robinson descendents.

There is a native population with a main village on the coast facing away from Kauai.  Essentially, they are not allowed to leave and others are not allowed to visit.  Their primary language remains Hawaiian and they live largely without modern technology and paraphenalia.  It is possible to briefly visit the island but not to meet the locals.  It is also a seabird sanctuary and was reafforested by the Robinsons (who by the way are not Swiss).

The Robinson family also own over 50,000 acres on Kauai, mainly in the wild undeveloped part, and have a keen interest in conservation.

Central Kauai from Above (IR)

Kauai, Hawaii, 2 March 2015

This is the second post of infrared images taken from a helicopter over Kauai.  They are of the return journey from the north of Kauai to the airport.  The first few are in the settled area by the coast, then in the wild country around Mount Wai’ale’ale, and progressing through forested areas and farm lands.  I won’t label most of them because I can’t add much to what I have just said.

 

Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Kawaikini, Landscape, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

We are looking at the Princeville Resort from over Hanalei Bay.  The resort buildings near the coast are where I remarked in an earlier post that I could not access a beach mentioned in the guidebook because the resort had simply bought all the land and restricted visitor parking to practically zero.

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Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Kawaikini, Landscape, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Hanalei Bay.

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Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Kawaikini, Landscape, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Hanalei Bay.

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Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Kawaikini, Landscape, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Hanalei Bay.

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Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Kawaikini, Landscape, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon .

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Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Kawaikini, Landscape, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon .

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Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Kawaikini, Landscape, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon .

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Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Kawaikini, Landscape, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon .

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Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Kawaikini, Landscape, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon .

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Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Kawaikini, Landscape, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon .

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Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Kawaikini, Landscape, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon .

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Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Kawaikini, Landscape, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

The black dots are cattle.

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Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Kawaikini, Landscape, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon .

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Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Kawaikini, Landscape, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

There’s more detail if you click on this image.  There are two dead trucks (though you can probably only see one), a house and some bee hives.

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Hawaii, Helicopter, Infrared, Kauai, Kawaikini, Landscape, Mount Wai'ale'ale, Na Pali Coast, Photography, Travel, Waimea Canyon

Wailua Falls.

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